IJCM  Vol.5 No.20 , November 2014
Outcomes of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease
ABSTRACT
Purpose: In this study, we aimed to discuss the laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with end stage renal disease compared to the general population. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated a group of patients with (n = 45) and without (n = 90) end-stage renal disease undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The groups were compared in terms of length of surgery; duration of hospitalization after surgery; use of blood derivatives; mortality rates; and perioperative, postoperative, and postdischarge complications. Results: Patients with end-stage renal disease exhibited a higher frequency of associated diseases; lower hemoglobin levels; and elevated alkaline phosphatase, blood urea nitrogen, and creatinine values. Statistically significant differences were found between the two groups regarding length of surgery (83.6 ± 14.88 vs. 71.7 ± 11.42 minutes; p < 0.001); duration of hospitalization (1.7 ± 0.47 vs. 1.4 ± 0.31 days; p < 0.001). In the group of patients with end-stage renal disease had significantly higher perioperative (p = 0.011), postoperative (p < 0.001), and postdischarge complication (p = 0.011) rates. Among all patients with end-stage renal disease, 12 (26.7%) were converted to an open procedure (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Despite higher complication rates of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in end-stage renal disease patients, laparoscopic cholecystectomy could be performed safely in patients with end-stage renal disease with low levels of complications and no associated mortality.

Cite this paper
Ekici, Y. , Tezcaner, T. , Aydoğan, C. , Karakayalı, F. and Moray, G. (2014) Outcomes of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 5, 1300-1305. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.520165.
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