essay examines the actions of Major Mining Projects in the region of Carajás,
the state of Pará, Northern Brazil, which concentrates the projects of one of
the largest mining companies of the Planet, the Vale Group, and the relations
of power and authority in land use in the corresponding area to the former city
of Marabá. The territories exploited by major mining projects, also increase
land use that has not been translated into socio-economic development, and add
little value to labor and the product. Another issue is lack of a National Mining
Policy that truly establishes the regional supply chains, and conducts the
multiplier effects to produce new territorial jurisdictions. Mining contributes
to socio-economic development of the Amazon region, especially in the Carajás
region and promotes the economic organization of the territories for the
consolidation of municipalities in which society in its favor uses natural
resources. The main objective of this paper is to present the main impacts caused by
mining activities in Pará municipalities. Textual elaboration was necessary
documentary and bibliographical analysis, in addition to field research in the
study area. We can observe, that mining is an important productive activity,
but has caused significant changes in Pará territory, both in economy and in
the environment, and the way of life of local populations.
Cite this paper
Silva, J. , Silva, C. , Chagas, C. and Medeiros, G. (2014) Geography and Mining in Carajás/Pará (Northern Region of Brazil). International Journal of Geosciences, 5, 1426-1434. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2014.512116.
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