OJEpi  Vol.4 No.4 , November 2014
Modern Contraceptive Use among Orthodox Christian and Muslim Women of Reproductive Age Group in Bahir Dar City, North West Ethiopia: Comparative Cross Sectional Study
Abstract: Background: Mothers are dying as a result of abortion associated with preventable unintended pregnancy. The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of Modern contraceptive use and associated factors among Muslim and orthodox Christian women of reproductive age group in Bahir Dar city. Methods: Comparative Cross-sectional study was carried out on 504 participants selected through Simple random sampling technique from the list of households. Data were collected through a pretested interviewer administered questionnaire. The data were analyzed using logistic regression model to determine odds ratio as a measure of strength off association. Result: The prevalence of modern contraceptive use was higher among Orthodox Christian women by 0.28: 95% for the difference (0.19, 0.36). While 63.9% orthodox Christian women were using modern contraceptives only 36.1% of Muslim women were using Modern contraceptive. Age, Religiosity and education level were found to have a statistical association for modern contraceptive use in Both Orthodox Christian and Muslim women (p value < 0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of modern contraceptive use among Muslim women was found to significantly lower than that in Orthodox Christian. Recommendation: More efforts should be done to increase the number of Modern Contraceptive users, by focusing on awareness creation on Modern contraceptives with special emphasis on Muslims.
Cite this paper: Walelign, D. , Mekonen, A. , Netsere, M. and Tarekegn, M. (2014) Modern Contraceptive Use among Orthodox Christian and Muslim Women of Reproductive Age Group in Bahir Dar City, North West Ethiopia: Comparative Cross Sectional Study. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 4, 235-242. doi: 10.4236/ojepi.2014.44030.

[1]   USAID (2006) Achieving the Millennium Development Goals: The Contribution of Fulfilling the Unmet Need for Family Planning.

[2]   Kassebaum, N.J., Bertozzi-Villa, A., Coggeshall, M.S., Shackelford, K.A., Steiner, C. and Heuton, K.R. (2014) Global, Regional, and National Levels and Causes of Maternal Mortality during 1990-2013: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet.

[3]   WHO (2014) Factsheet on Maternal Mortality: Media Center.

[4]   The National Academies Press (2001) The Best Intentions: Unintended Pregnancy and the Well-Being of Children and Families (1995)/Consequences of Unintended Pregnancy. 500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington DC.

[5]   Alan Guttmacher Institute, Media Center News Release (2014) Unplanned Pregnancy Common Worldwide Neither Legal Status of Abortion Nor Health Risk Deters Women from Terminating Pregnancies.\

[6]   Singh, S., Sedgh, G. and Hussain, R. (2010) Unintended Pregnancy: Worldwide Levels, Trends, and ouTcomes. Studies in Family Planning. Studies in Family Planning, 41, 241-250.

[7]   Central Statistical Agency [Ethiopia] and ICF International (2012) Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Central Statistical Agency and ICF International.

[8]   Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013) Reproductive Health.

[9]   Bahir Dar District Health Office: 2011/2012 Annual Report. Unpublished Document, Bahir Dar.

[10]   Shifa, G.T. (2014) Magnitude and Correlates of Contraceptive Use among Females in Reproductive Age Group in Arba Minch Zuria Woreda. Health, 6, 1263-1276.

[11]   Tuloro, T., Deressa, W. and Davey, G. (2006) The Role of Men in Contraceptive Use and Fertility Preference in Hossana Town, Southern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 20, 152-159.

[12]   Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (2012) Family Planning.

[13]   Victor Agadjanian; Religion and Contraception in Mozambique: A Multidimensional Analysis Center for Population Dynamics Arizona State University.