OJRad  Vol.4 No.4 , December 2014
Comparisons of Image Quality and ADCs in Breath-Hold, Respiratory-Triggered and Free-Breathing DWI of Pancreas at 3-T
ABSTRACT
Objective: To compare image quality and apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) of the normal pancreas parenchymas in breath-hold, respiratory-triggered and free-breathing diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) at 3.0-Tesla. Methods: DWI of the pancreas was performed at 3.0-Tesla in 21 healthy volunteers with breath-hold, respiratory-triggered and free-breathing using b-values of 0 and 500 s/mm2. For all three sequences, two readers assigned an image quality score to images at b0 and b500, and two independent readers measured ADCs for the head, body and tail of pancreas. Image quality scores and ADCs of pancreas in the three DWIs were compared. Results: For b0, image quality scores was not significantly different among the three sequences (p = 0.103). For b500, image quality score was significantly lower in free-breathing DWI than breath-hold or respiratory-triggered DWI (p = 0.000), and not significantly different between breath-hold and respiratory-triggered DWI (p = 0.212). Mean ADCs differed significantly among the anatomical regions with the lowest values measured in the pancreatic tail both at breath-hold and respiratory-triggered DWIs whereas no significant difference was found at free-breathing DWI. Conclusion: Breath-hold or respiratory-triggered technique provided DW images of pancreas with acceptable quality at 3.0-Tesla. Breath-hold is the preferred DWI technique for ADC measurements of pancreas.

Cite this paper
Ma, C. , Wang, J. , Li, Y. , Pan, C. , Zhang, Y. , Wang, H. , Chen, S. and Lu, J. (2014) Comparisons of Image Quality and ADCs in Breath-Hold, Respiratory-Triggered and Free-Breathing DWI of Pancreas at 3-T. Open Journal of Radiology, 4, 279-292. doi: 10.4236/ojrad.2014.44037.
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