OJMS  Vol.4 No.4 , October 2014
Do Quantity and Quality of Irradiance Influence Migration Behavior Motile Cells of the Green Alga, Ulva fasciata?
ABSTRACT
Motile cells of the green alga, Ulva fasciata respond to the quantity and quality of irradiance simultaneously. The specific responses of motile cell types (gametes and spores) by irradiance influence migration behavior in coastal water environment. Gametes maximally aggregated at the highest white light intensity (250 μmol&middotm-2·s-1), while spores maximally aggregated in the dark (0 μmol m-2·s-1) of this study. Gametes maximally aggregated in green irradiance over blue, red and dark while spore maximally aggregated in the dark. The results of quantity are spectral responses are likely to be underline the ecological success and physiological strategies in varied irradiance environments includes: 1) gametes respond to specific quantities and spectral irradiance; 2) spores respond negatively to quantity and quality of irradiance to enhance the probability of finding substratum; and 3) populations of adults that come from these motile cells behaviors. The specific quantities and spectral qualities of irradiance responses show specific ecological migration that can be attributed to photosynthesis under limiting irradiance in coastal waters for the motile cells of U. fasciata.

Cite this paper
Shin, H. , Lee, H. , Jung, S. , Choo, M. , Cho, J. , Lee, K. and Smith, C. (2014) Do Quantity and Quality of Irradiance Influence Migration Behavior Motile Cells of the Green Alga, Ulva fasciata?. Open Journal of Marine Science, 4, 316-325. doi: 10.4236/ojms.2014.44028.
References
[1]   Kirk, J.T.O. (1983) Light and Photosynthesis in Aquatic Ecosystems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[2]   Han, T., Han, Y.-S., Kain, J.M. and Hader, D.-P. (2003) Thallus Differentiation of Photosynthesis, Growth, Reproduction, and UV-B Sensitivity in the Green Alga Ulva Pertusa (Chlorophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 39, 712-721.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1529-8817.2003.02155.x

[3]   Littler, M.M., Littler, D.S., Blairm, S.M. and Norris, J.N. (1985) Deepest Known Plant Life Is Discovered on an Uncharted Seamount. Sciences, 227, 57-59.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.227.4682.57

[4]   Dring, M.J. (1989) Light Harvesting and Pigment Composition in Marine Phytoplankton and Macroalgae. In: Herring, P.J., Campbell, A.K., Whitfield, M. and Maddock, L., Eds., Light and Life in the Sea, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 89-103.

[5]   Halldal, P. (1958) Action Spectra of Phototaxis and Related Problems in Volvocales, Ulva-Gametes and Dinophyceae. Physiologia Plantarum, 11, 118-153.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1958.tb08432.x

[6]   Christie, A.O. and Evans, L.V. (1962) Periodicity in the Liberation of Gametes and Zoospores of Enteromorpha intestinalis Link. Nature, 193, 193-194.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/193193a0

[7]   Jones, E.W. and Babb, M.S. (1968) The Motile Period of Swarmers of Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. British Phycological Bulletin, 3, 525-528.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00071616800650131

[8]   Woodhead, P. and Moss, B. (1975) The Effect of Light and Temperature on Settlement and Germination of Enteromorpha. British Phycological Journal, 10, 269-272.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00071617500650281

[9]   Amsler, C.D., Reed, D.C. and Neushul, M. (1992) The Microclimate Inhabited by Macroalgal Propagules. British Phycological Journal, 27, 253-270.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00071619200650251

[10]   Cox, P.A. (1983) Search Theory, Random Motion, and the Convergent Evolution of Pollen and Spore Morphology in Aquatic Plant. The American Naturalist, 12, 9-13.

[11]   Reed, D.C., Laur, D.R. and Ebeling, A.W. (1988) Variation in Algal Dispersal and Recruitment: The Importance of Episodic Events. Ecological Monographs, 58, 321-335.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1942543

[12]   Nelson, T.A., Haberlin, K., Nelson, A.V., Ribaric, H., Hotchkiss, R., Van Alstyne, K.L., et al. (2008) Ecological and Physiological Controls of Species Composition in Green Macroalgal Blooms. Ecology, 89, 1287-1298.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/07-0494.1

[13]   Korbee, N., Figueroa, F.L. and Aguilera, J. (2005) Effect of Light Quality on the Accumulation of Photosynthetic Pigments, Proteins and Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids in the Red Alga Porphyra leucosticte (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology, 80, 157-173.

[14]   Payri, C.E., Maritorena, S., Bizeau, C. and Rodiere, M. (2001) Photoacclimation in the Tropical Coralline Alga Hydrolithon onkodes (Rhodophyta, Corallinaceae) from a French Polynesian Reef. Journal of Phycology, 37, 223-234.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1529-8817.2001.037002223.x

[15]   Hader, D.P. and Reinecke, E. (1991) Phototactic and Polarotactic Responses of the Photosynthetic Flagellate Euglena gracilis. Acta Protozoologica, 30, 13-18.

[16]   Duncan, M.J. and Foreman, R.E. (1980) Phytochrome-Mediated Stipe Elongation in the Kelp Nereocystis (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 16, 138-142.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.1980.tb03008.x

[17]   Ruyters, G. (1988) Light-Stimulated Respiration in the Green Alga Dunaliella tertiolecta: Involvement of Ultraviolet/Blue-Light Phtoreceptor(s) and Phytochrome? Planta, 174, 422-425.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00959530

[18]   Lopez-Figueoa, F. and Neill, F.X. (1989) Red-Light and Blue-Light Photoreceptors Controlling Chlorphyll a Snythesis in the Red Alga Porphyra umbilicalis and in the Green Alga Ulva rigida. Physiologia Plantarum, 76, 391-397.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1989.tb06209.x

[19]   Engelmann, T.W. (1883) Farbeand Assimilation. Bot. Zeit., 41, 1-13.

[20]   Berthold, G. (1882) Uber die verteilung der algenim Golf von Neapel nebst einem verzeichnis der bisher daselbst beobachten Arten. Mittheilungen aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel, 3, 393-536.

[21]   Oltmanns, F. (1892) Uber die Kultur und Lebensbedinggungen der Meeresalgen. Jb. Wiss. Bot., 23, 349-440.

[22]   Shepherd, S.A. and Sprigg, R.C. (1976) Substrate Sediments and Subtidal Ecology of Gulf St. Vincent and Investigator Strait. In: Twidale, C.R., Tyler, M.J. and Webb, B.P., Eds., Natural History of the Adelaide Region, Mar. Ecol. Pro. Ser., Royal Society of South Australia, Adelaide, 161-174.

[23]   Anderson, J.M., Waldron, J.C. and Thorne, S.W. (1980) Chlorophyll-Protein Complexes of a Marine Green Alga, Caulerpa cactoides. Plant Science Letters, 17, 149-157.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-4211(80)90142-X

[24]   Doty, M.S., Gilbert, W.J. and Abbott, I.A. (1974) Hawaiian Marine Algae from Seaweed of the Algal Ridge. Phycologia, 13, 245-357.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-13-4-345.1

[25]   Yokohama, Y., Hirata, T., Misonou, T., Tanaka, J. and Yokochi, H. (1992) Distribution of Green Light-Harvesting Pigments, Siphonoxanthin and Siphonein, and Their Precursors in Marine Green Algae. App. J. Phycol., 40, 25-33.

[26]   Figueroa, F.L., Conde-Alvarez, R. and Gomez, I. (2003) Relations between Electron Transport Rates Determined by Pulse Amplitude Modulated Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Oxygen Evolution in Macroalgae under Different Light Conditions. Photosynthesis Research, 75, 259-275.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1023936313544

[27]   Amsler, C.D. and Neushul, M. (1991) Photosynthetic Physiology and Chemical-Composition of the Kelps Macrocystis pyrifera, Nereocystis leutkeana, Laminaria farlowii, and Pterygophora californica (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 27, 26-34.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3646.1991.00026.x

[28]   Bell, G. (1997) The Evolution of the Life Cycle of Brown Seaweeds. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 60, 2138.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.1997.tb01481.x

[29]   Edwards, M.S. (2000) The Role of Alternate Life-History Stages of a Marine Macroalga: A Seed Bank Analogue? Ecology, 81, 2404-2415.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2000)081[2404:TROALH]2.0.CO;2

[30]   Beach, K.C., Borgeas, H.B., Nishimura, N.J. and Smith, C.M. (1997) In Vivo Absorbance Spectra in the Ecophysiology of Reef Macroalgae. Coral Reefs, 16, 21-28.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s003380050055

[31]   American Public Health Association (APHA) (1976) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 14th Edition, American Public Health Association, Washington DC, 1193.

[32]   Suto, S. (1950) Studies on a Counting Method of Spores of Seaweeds in the Sea. Bulletin of the Japanese Society for the Science of Fish, 15, 674-677.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2331/suisan.15.674

[33]   North, W.J. (1972) Mass Cultured Macrocystis as a Means of Increasing Kelp Stands in Nature. Proceedings of International Symposium on Seaweed Research, 7, 394-399.

[34]   Shin, H.W. and Smith, C.M. (1996) Characterization of Light-Harvesting Pigments in Spores of Ulva fasciata Delile. Algae, 11, 309-315.

[35]   Luning, K. (1981) Light. In: Lobban, C.S. and Wynne, M.J., Eds., The Biology of Seaweeds, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 326-355.

 
 
Top