Influence of the Delay and Dispersion in Mechanics
ABSTRACT
The aim of this work is to clarify the new mathematical model describing the mechanics of continuous media and rarefied gas. The present study is associated with the formulation of conservation laws as conditions of equilibrium of angular momentums, while usually formulated in terms of balance of force. The equations for gas are found from the modified Boltzmann equation and the phenomenological theory. For a rigid body, the equations used the phenomenological theory, but changed their interpretation. We elucidate the contribution of cross-effects in the conservation laws of continuum mechanics, including the self-diffusion, thermal diffusion, etc., which indicated S. Wallander. The paradox of Hilbert in the solution of the Boltzmann equation by the Chapman-Enskog method was resolved. Refined model of the boundary conditions for rarefied gas flows and transient flow were near the moving surfaces. We establish conditions for the existence of the A. N. Kolmogorov inertial range on the basis of the proposed theory. Based on the theory, derivation of the Prandtl formula for boundary layer was received. Delay in mechanics plays an important role on commensurability of relaxation times and lateness. New accounting delay option is proposed to consider the difference between the time derivative as a limit and end values of the mean free path in a rarefied gas. The role of individual time delay for each particle velocity and the average time is debated. The Boltzmann equation is written with an additional term. This situation is typical for discrete medium. The transition from discrete to continuous environment is a key issue mechanics. Summary records of all effects lead to a cumbersome system of equations and therefore require the selection of main effects in a particular situation. The role of the time has similar problems in quantum mechanics. Some examples are suggested.

Cite this paper
Prozorova, E. (2014) Influence of the Delay and Dispersion in Mechanics. Journal of Modern Physics, 5, 1796-1805. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2014.516177.
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