SS  Vol.5 No.10 , October 2014
A Simple and Dependable Technique for Pancreatic-Enteric Anastomosis with a Soft Pancreas and Nondilated Duct
Abstract: Background: Pancreatic anastomotic leakаgе is one of the most serious complications following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). The most significant riskfactors for pancreatic leakage are pancreatic texture, main pancreatic duct (MPD) size and anastomotic technique. Herewith we describe our technical modifications for single-layer pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) with a soft pancreas and nondilated MPD for reconstruction after PD. Methods: We report our early experience using this technique in 52 patients who underwent PD between May 2009 and December 2012. Results: Overall postoperative mortality rate was1.92%. Postoperative morbidity rate was 32.69%, with major complications occurring in three patients (5.77%). Pancreatic leak was diagnosed in sixpatients (11.54%). Three patients with pancreatic fistulae (PF) of Grades A and B were managed conservatively, whereas three other patients with PF of Grade C required relaparotomy. Conclusions: According to our early experience with this modified technique for PJ, usage of horizontal mattress sutures, “everting” of MPD and incorporation of its wall into a single layer pancreatic-enteric anastomosis result in a low pancreatic anastomotic leakagerate after PD. This technique for PJ with a soft pancreas and nondilated ductensures ideal preconditions for anastomosis healing. They consist of an excellent blood supply, an anatomical position with tension-free approximation and unobstructed pancreatic juice flow from the pancreas into the jejunal loop.
Cite this paper: Kostov, D. , Kobakov, G. , Yankov, D. and Kirov, K. (2014) A Simple and Dependable Technique for Pancreatic-Enteric Anastomosis with a Soft Pancreas and Nondilated Duct. Surgical Science, 5, 444-453. doi: 10.4236/ss.2014.510069.

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