AiM  Vol.4 No.13 , October 2014
Impact of Iron Availability on Bacillus amyloliquefaciens Growth

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens is a biocontrol agent whose genome has been sequenced. Within the genome of B. amyloliquefaciens are genes associated with iron chelation, but these genes are not found within all sequenced strains. The impact of iron availability on the B. amyloliquefaciens physiology was examined in this study. B. amyloliquefaciens ATCC 23843 was cultured under ironreplete and iron-deplete conditions for 48 hours, at 37°C. Final growth yields were dependent on iron concentration. Cultures grown in the absence of detectable iron were restricted in growth, but reached their highest yields at 48 hours. Iron restriction was confirmed by the presence of iron chelators in the filtrates. In contrast, B. amyloliquefaciens ATCC 23843 cultures grown with ferric ammonium citrate as the iron source research reached the highest yields at 24 hours. Iron chelator production was not detected in the ferric ammonium samples. A significant decrease in turbidity was observed for these cultures, which coincided with elevated spore production in B. amyloliquefaciens ATCC 23843. A decrease in turbidity was also observed on blood agar, where hemolysis was readily evident. We propose that iron impacts numerous physiological responses and further studies will elucidate the complex regulatory mechanisms governed by iron availability.

Cite this paper: Clark, D. , Youngblood, C. , Taplin, M. , Brown, E. , Williams, B. , Phillips, C. and Garner, B. (2014) Impact of Iron Availability on Bacillus amyloliquefaciens Growth. Advances in Microbiology, 4, 962-967. doi: 10.4236/aim.2014.413107.

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