Vannote, R.L., Minshall, G.W., Cummins, K.W., Sedell, J.R. and Cushing, C.E (1980) The River Continuum Concept. Canadian Journal of Fishery and Aquatic Science, 37, 130-137.
 Cummins, K.W. (1974) Structure and Function of Stream Ecosystems. BioScience, 24, 631-641.
 Obana, M., Uchida, T. and Tsujimoto, T. (2012) Deposition of Sand and Particulate Organic Matter in Riparian Vegetation. Advances in River Engineering, 18, 47-52 (in Japanese).
 Jeon, H.S., Obana, M. and Tsujimoto, T. (2014) Concept of Bed Roughness Boundary Layer and Its Application to Bed Load Transport in Flow with Non-Submerged Vegetation. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 6, 881-887.
 Yalin, M.S. (1977) Sediment Transport. 2nd Edition, Pergamon Press, New York, Chapter 7, 209-267.
 Ashida, K. and Michiue, M. (1972) Hydraulic Resistance of Flow in an Alluvia Bed and Bed Load Transport Rate. Proceedings of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, No. 206, 59-69 (in Japanese).