WJNST  Vol.4 No.4 , October 2014
Conversion of U-238 and Th-232 Using a Fusion Neutron Source
ABSTRACT
This article proposes a general framework for the conversion of U-238 and Th-232 utilizing fusion-produced neutrons. This recognizes that emerging fusion technologies may not produce sufficient net energy output to justify stand-alone applications, yet may be commercially viable for breeder transmutation or hybrid fusion-fission reactor concepts proposed herein to dispose of nuclear wastes and long life high radioactive fission products remaining in shutdown nuclear power plants. Results show that this could be achievable within a decade, given an appropriate fusion source. However, if 20% beryllium of nuclei density is added to the convertor blanket, the efficiency of the conversion process can be significantly increased. Also, the neutron energy spectrum resulting from dense D-D plasma core fusion is much softer than D-T fusion neutron source, hence the probability of (n, p) (n, α) backward decay reaction paths will be smaller and the conversion efficiency will be elevated.

Cite this paper
Zheng, X. , Deng, B. , Ou, W. and Gou, F. (2014) Conversion of U-238 and Th-232 Using a Fusion Neutron Source. World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 4, 222-227. doi: 10.4236/wjnst.2014.44028.
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