JSEMAT  Vol.4 No.6 , October 2014
Adsorption of Congo Red from Aqueous Solution Using CTAB-Kaolin from Bechar Algeria
Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide-modified kaolin (CTAB-kaolin or KC) was prepared and tested as an adsorbent for an anionic dye Congo red (CR) removal from aqueous solution in comparison with natural kaolin (K). The effect of various experimental parameters was investigated using a batch adsorption technique. In this manner, the adsorption isotherms and adsorption kinetics of CR on K and KC were examined. The isothermal data could be well described by the Langmuir equation and the dynamical data fit well with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption capacity of modified kaolin KC (24.46 mg/g) was found to be around 4 times higher than that of natural kaolin K (5.94 mg/g). The KC demonstrated the highest adsorption capacity by removing over 98% of CR after ten minutes of contact. These results indicate that CTAB-kaolin could be employed as low-cost alternative to activated carbon in wastewater treatment for the removal of colour which comes from industrial effluents of textile activities, tanning or printing.

Cite this paper
Zenasni, M. , Meroufel, B. , Merlin, A. and George, B. (2014) Adsorption of Congo Red from Aqueous Solution Using CTAB-Kaolin from Bechar Algeria. Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology, 4, 332-341. doi: 10.4236/jsemat.2014.46037.
[1]   Gupta, V.K., Mittal, A., Krishnan, L. and Gajbe, V. (2004) Adsorption Kinetics and Column Operations for the Removal and Recovery of Malachite Green from Wastewater Using Bottom Ash. Separation and Purification Technology, 40, 87-96.

[2]   Tan, I.A.W., Ahmad, A.L. and Hameed, B.H. (2008) Adsorption of Basic Dye Using Activated Carbon Prepared from Oil Palm Shell: Batch and Fixed Bed Studies. Desalination, 225, 13-28.

[3]   Attia, A., Badie, A., Girgis, S. and Nady, A. (2008) Removal of Methylene Blue by Carbons Derived from Peach Stones by H3PO4 Activation: Batch and Column Studies. Dyes and Pigments, 76, 282-289.

[4]   Banat, I.M., Nigam, P., Singh, D. and Marchant, R. (1996) Microbial Decolorization of Textiledye-Containing Effluents: A Review. Bioresource Technology, 58, 217-227.

[5]   Material Safety Data Sheet Congo Red MSDS. http://www.sciencelab.com/xMSDS-Congo_red-9927502

[6]   Ghaedi, M., Hassanzadeh, A. and Nasiri Kokhdan, S. (2011) Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes as Adsorbents for the Kinetic and Equilibrium Study of the Removal of Alizarin Red S and Morin. Journal of Chemical and Engineering, 56, 2511-2520.

[7]   Yao, Z., Wang, L. and Qi, J. (2009) Biosorption of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution Using a Bioenergy Forest Waste: Xanthocerassorbifolia Seed Coat. Clean, 37, 642-648.

[8]   Abd EI-Latif, M.M., Ibrahim, A.M. and EI-Kady, M.F. (2010) Adsorption Equilibrium, Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solutions Using Biopolymer Oak Sawdust Composite. Journal of American Science, 6, 267-283.

[9]   Vimonses, V., Lei, S., Jin, B., Chow, C.W.K. and Saint, C. (2009) Kinetic Study and Equilibrium Isotherm Analysis of Congo Red Adsorption by Clay Materials. Chemical Engineering Journal, 148, 354-364.

[10]   Sen, T.K., Afroze, S. and Ang, H.M. (2011) Equilibrium, Kinetics and Mechanism of Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution by Adsorption onto Pine Cone Biomass of Pinus Radiate. Water, Air, Soil Pollution, 218, 499-515.

[11]   Zenasni, M.A., Meroufel, B., Amrouche, A., Naar, F., Merzouka, F. and Difallah, F. (2012) Phytoremédiation de Zn (II) par les racines de Calotropis Procera (Bechar, Algérie). ScienceLib, 4, 1-15.

[12]   Dawood, S. and Kanti Sen, T. (2012) Removal of Anionic Dye Congo Red from Aqueous Solution by Raw Pine and Acid-Treated Pine Cone Powder as Adsorbent: Equilibrium, Thermodynamic, Kinetics, Mechanism and Process Design. Water Research, 46, 1933-1946.

[13]   Zenasni, M.A., Benfarhi, S., Mansri, A., Benmehdi, H., Meroufel, B., Desbrieres, J. and Dedriveres, R. (2011) Influence of pH on the Uptake of Toluene from Water by the Composite Poly(4-vinylpyridinium)-Maghnite. African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 5, 486-493.

[14]   Sharma, Y.C. (2010) Optimization of Parameters for Adsorption of Methylene Blue on a Low-Cost Activated Carbon. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 55, 435-439.

[15]   Wang, S., Zhu, Z.H., Coomes, A., Haghseresht, F. and Lu, G.Q. ( 2005) The Physical and Surface Chemical Characteristics of Activated Carbons and the Adsorption of Methylene Blue from Wastewater. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 284, 440-446.

[16]   Zenasni, M.A., Benfarhi, S., Merlin, A., Molina, S., George, B. and Meroufel, B. (2012) Adsorption of Cu(II) on Maghnite from Aqueous Solution: Effects of pH, Initial Concentration, Interaction Time and Temperature. Natural Science, 4, 856-868.

[17]   Salleh, M.A.M., Mahmoud, D.K., Karim, W.A. and Idris, A. (2011) Cationic and Anionic Dye Adsorption by Agricultural Solid Wastes: A Comprehensive Review. Desalination, 280, 1-13.

[18]   Meroufel, B., Benali, O., Benyahia, M., Benmoussa, Y. and Zenasni, M.A. (2013) Adsorptive Removal of Anionic Dye from Aqueous Solutions by Algerian Kaolin: Characteristics, Isotherm, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 4, 482-491.

[19]   Quintelas, C., Figueiredo, H. and Tavares, T. (2011) The Effect of Clay Treatment on Remediation of Diethylketone Contaminated Wastewater: Uptake, Equilibrium and Kinetic Studies. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 186, 1241-1248.

[20]   Akcay, M. (2004) Characterization and Determination of the Thermodynamic and Kinetic Properties of p-CP Adsorption onto Organophilic Bentonite from Aqueous Solutions. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 280, 299-304.

[21]   Silva, M., Oliveira, M., Avelino, M., Fonseca, M., Almeida, R. and Silva Filho, E. (2012) Adsorption of an Industrial Anionic Dye by Modified-KSF-Montmorillonite: Evaluation of the Kinetic, Thermodynamic and Equilibrium. Chemical Engineering Journal, 203, 259-268.

[22]   Shakir, K., Ghoneimy, H.F., Elkafrawy, A.F., Beheir, Sh.G. and Refaat, M. (2008) Removal of Catechol from Aqueous Solutions by Adsorption onto Organophilic-Bentonite. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 150, 765-773.

[23]   Unuabonah, E.I., Olu-Owolabi, B.I., Adebowale, K.O. and Ofomaja, A.E. (2007) Adsorption of Lead and Cadmium Ions from Aqueous Solutions by Tri-Polyphosphate Impregnated Kaolinite Clay. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 292, 202-211.

[24]   Adebowale, K.O., Unuabonah, I.E. and Olu-Owolabi, B.I. (2008) Kinetic and Thermodynamic Aspects of the Adsorption of Pb2+ and Cd2+ Ions on Tripolyphosphate-Modified Kaolinite Clay. Chemical Engineering Journal, 136, 99-107.

[25]   Manohar, D.M., Anoop, K.K. and Anirudan, T.S. (2002) Removal of Mercury (II) from Aqueous Solutions and Chloro-Alkali Industry Wastewater Using 2-Mercaptobenzimidazole Clay. Water Research, 36, 1609-1619.

[26]   Safa Özcan, A., Erdem, B. and Özcan, A. (2004) Adsorption of Acid Blue 193 from Aqueous Solutions onto Na-Bentonite and DTMA-Bentonite. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 280, 44-54.

[27]   Zenasni, M.A., Benfarhi, S., Merlin, A., Molina, S., George, B. and Meroufel, B. (2013) Adsorption of Nickel in Aqueous Solution onto Natural Maghnite. Materials Sciences and Applications, 4, 153-161.

[28]   Meroufel, B., Benali, O., Benyahia, M., Zenasni, M.A., Merlin, A. and George, B. (2013) Removal of Zn(II) from Aqueous Solution onto Kaolin by Batch Design. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 5, 669-680.

[29]   Madejova, J. (2003) FTIR Techniques in Clay Mineral Studies. Vibrational Spectroscopy, 31, 1-10.

[30]   Yariv, S., Borisover, M. and Lapides, I. (2011) Few Introducing Comments on the Thermal Analysis of Organoclays. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 105, 897-906.

[31]   Namasivayam, C. and Kavitha, D. (2002) Removal of Congo Red from Water by Adsorption onto Activated Carbon Prepared from Coir Pith, an Agricultural Solid Waste. Dyes and Pigments, 54, 47-58.

[32]   Yoshida, H., Okamoto, A. and Kataoka, T. (1993) Adsorption of Acid Dye on Cross-Linked Chitosan Fibers: Equilibria. Chemical Engineering Science, 48, 2267-2272.

[33]   Langmuir, I. (1918) The Adsorption of Gases on Plane Surfaces of Glass, Mica and Platinum. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 40, 1361-1403.

[34]   Freundlich, H.M.F. (1906) Uber Die Adsorption in Losungen. Zeitschrift fur Physikalische Chemie, 57, 385-470.

[35]   Ho, Y.S. (2004) Selection of Optimum Sorption Isotherm. Carbon, 42, 2115-2116.