JMP  Vol.5 No.15 , September 2014
Skyrmion-Like Solitons, Topological Quasi-Positroniums, and Soliton-Catalytic Effects in Graphite-Potassium Intercalation Compounds and Metal Surfaces
ABSTRACT
We have analyzed the narrow components in the positron annihilation angular correlation spectra of graphite-potassium intercalation with the theoretical formula, which is extended from “topological quasi-positronium” model and discusses the relation to the catalytic activity of hydrogens. One mechanism of the soliton-catalytic effect is proposed.

Cite this paper
Kanazawa, I. , Saito, M. , Sasaki, T. and Imai, E. (2014) Skyrmion-Like Solitons, Topological Quasi-Positroniums, and Soliton-Catalytic Effects in Graphite-Potassium Intercalation Compounds and Metal Surfaces. Journal of Modern Physics, 5, 1483-1488. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2014.515150.
References
[1]   Watanabe, K., Soma, M., Onishi, T. and Tamaru, K. (1971) Nature, 233, 160-161.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/physci233160a0

[2]   Lagrange, P., Metrot, A. and Herold, C.R. (1972) Académie des Sciences, Paris C, 275, 765.

[3]   Watanabe, K., Kondou, T., Soma, M., Onishi, T. and Tamaru, K. (1973) Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 333, 51-67.

[4]   Kondou, T., Inokuchi, H. and Wakayama, N. (1965) The Journal of Chemical Physics, 43, 3766.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1696553

[5]   Inokuchi, H., Wakayama, N., Kondou, T. and Mori, Y. (1967) The Journal of Chemical Physics, 46, 837.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1840813

[6]   Furdin, G., Lagrange, P., Herold, A. and Zeller, C.R. (1976) Académie des Sciences, Paris C, 282, 563.

[7]   Conard, J., Estrade-Szwarckoph, H., Lauginie, P., Makrini, M., Lagrange, P. and Gnerard, D. (1980) Synthetic Metals, 2, 261-267.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0379-6779(80)90055-7

[8]   Enoki, T., Sano, M. and Inokuchi, H. (1983) The Journal of Chemical Physics, 78, 2017.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.444949

[9]   Colombino, P., Fiscella, B. and Trossi, L. (1963) Nuovo Cimento, 27, 589.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02784565

[10]   Berko, S., Kelly, R.E. and Plaskett, J.S. (1958) Physical Review Letters, 106, 824.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.106.824

[11]   Kanazawa, I., Tanigawa, S., Suzuki, R., Mizuhara, Y., Sano, M. and Inokuchi, H. (1987) Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 48, 701-705.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3697(87)90062-X

[12]   Kanazawa, I., Tanigawa, S., Suzuki, R., Sano, M. and Inokuchi, H. (1990) Physical Review B, 42, 11583.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.42.11583

[13]   Shimotomai, M., Takahashi, T., Doyama, M. and Iwata, T. (1982) Positron Annihilation. Coleman, D.G., Sharma, S.C. and Diana, L.M., Eds., North-Holland, Amsterdam, p. 635.

[14]   Cartier, E., Heinrich, F., Pfluger, P. and Güntherodt, H.J. (1981) Physical Review Letters, 46, 272.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.46.272

[15]   Cartier, E., Heinrich, F., Gubler, U.M., Pfluger, P., Geiser, V. and Güntherodt, H.J. (1983) Synthetic Metals, 8, 119-124.

[16]   Posternak, M., Baldereschi, A., Freeman, A.J., Wimmer, E. and Weinert, M. (1983) Physical Review Letters, 50, 761.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.50.761

[17]   Murakami, H., Sano, M., Kanazawa, I., Enoki, T., Kurihara, T., Sakurai, Y. and Inokuchi, H. (1985) The Journal of Chemical Physics, 82, 4728.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.448688

[18]   Kanazawa, I., Sano, M., Enoki, T., Murakami, H., Sakurai, Y. and Inokuchi, H. (1985) Synthetic Metals, 12, 225-229.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0379-6779(85)90114-6

[19]   Sano, M., Kanazawa, I., Murakami, H., Sakurai, Y., Enoki, T. and Inokuchi, H. (1985) Chemical Physics Letters, 122, 143-146.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(85)85494-4

[20]   Murakami, H., Kanazawa, I., Sano, M., Enoki, T. and Inokuchi, H. (1988) Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 49, 457-460.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3697(88)90107-2

[21]   Cartier, E., Heinrich, P., Geiser, V. and Güntherodt, H.J. (1985) Positron Annihilation. Jain, P.C., Singra, R.M. and Gopinathan, K.P., Eds., World Science Publisher, Singapore, p. 678.

[22]   Kanazawa, I. (1995) Materials Science Forum, 175-178, 695-697.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.175-178.695

[23]   Polyakov, A.M. (1977) Nuclear Physics B, 120, 429-458.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0550-3213(77)90086-4

[24]   Hooft, G. (1974) Nuclear Physics B, 79, 276-284.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0550-3213(74)90486-6

[25]   Polyakov, A.M. (1974) JETP Letters, 20, 194.

[26]   Hooft, G. (1978) Nuclear Physics B, 138, 1-25.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0550-3213(78)90153-0

[27]   Kadanoft, L.P. and Ceva, H. (1971) Physical Review B, 3, 3918.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.3.3918

[28]   Mandelstan, S. (1975) Physical Review D, 11, 3026.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.11.3026

[29]   Polyakov, A.M. (1987) Gauge Fields and Strings. Harwood Academic Publishers, London.

[30]   Wilczek, F. (1980) Fractional Statistics and Anyon and Superconductor. World Science Publisher, Singapore.

[31]   Ezawa, Z.F. (1997) Physical Review B, 55, 7771.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.55.7771

[32]   Manton, N. and Sutcliffe, P. (2007) Topological Solitons. Cambrige University Press, Cambrige.

[33]   Kanazawa, I., Yamada, K. and Saito, M. (2012) e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology, 10, 226-228.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1380/ejssnt.2012.226

 
 
Top