CUS  Vol.2 No.3 , September 2014
Urban Systems, Urbanization Dynamics and Land Use in Italy: Evidence from a Spatial Analysis
ABSTRACT
Sustainability of agriculture is challenged by increasing sprawl in urban agglomerations. Under increasing agglomeration economies in large and even medium sized cities, more and more soil is being subtracted to agriculture, depriving agricultural activities of the main production factor. The extent to which the expanding urbanization threatens agricultural development depends on the urban spatial structure, however. In this work it is empirically investigated how the relationship between soil use and soil consumption is shaped by the compactness of a city. For the population of LAU1 (province) main cities in an Italian region (Lombardy), compactness is measured as the density gradient and estimated using Central Business District models. It is found that more compact cities exhibit relatively lower-than-expected soil consumption in the period 1999-2007. Results suggest that agglomeration economies are not enemies of agricultural activities per se. Nonetheless, urbanization needs to be accompanied by urban fringe containment.

Cite this paper
Guastella, G. and Pareglio, S. (2014) Urban Systems, Urbanization Dynamics and Land Use in Italy: Evidence from a Spatial Analysis. Current Urban Studies, 2, 291-297. doi: 10.4236/cus.2014.23027.
References
[1]   Alonso, W. (1964). Location and Land Use. Toward a General Theory of Land Rent. Cambridge: Harward University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674730854

[2]   Anania, G., & Tarsitano, A. (1995). Tecniche di analisi statistica multivariate per l’interpretazione dei sistemi agricoli territoriali in Italia, In G. Cannata, (Ed.), I sistemi agricoli territoriali italiani degli anni ’90. Cosenza: Rubbettino.

[3]   Anania, G., & Tenuta, A (2008). Ruralità, urbanità e ricchezza dei comuni italiani. Rome: QA-Rivista dell’associazione Rossi-Doria.

[4]   Anselin, L. (1988a). Spatial Econometrics Methods and Models. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publisher. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-7799-1

[5]   Anselin, L. (1988b). Lagrange Multiplier Test Diagnostic for Spatial Dependence and Spatial Heterogeneity. Geographical Analysis, 20, 1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1538-4632.1988.tb00159.x

[6]   Asciuto, A., Di Franco, C. P., & Migliore, G. (2008). Analisi della ruralità in una regione ad obiettivo converenza II: il caso della regione Sicilia. XLV Congress of the Italian Society of Agricultural Economics.

[7]   Baumont, C., Ertur, C. & Le Gallo, J. (2004). Spatial Analysis of Employment and Population Density: The Case of the Agglomeration of Dijon 1999. Geographical Analysis, 36, 146-176. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1538-4632.2004.tb01130.x

[8]   Brueckner, J.K. (2000). Urban Sprawl: Diagnosis and Remedies. International Regional Science Review, 23, 160-171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/016001700761012710

[9]   Cannata, G. (1989). I sistemi agricoli territoriali italiani. Milano: Franco Angeli.

[10]   Cannata, G. & Forleo, M.B. (1998). I sistemi agricoli territoriali delle regioni italiane. Anni novanta CNR, Campobasso: Progetto finalizzato RAISA (Ricerche Avanzate per Innovazioni del Sistema Agricolo).

[11]   Cannata, G. (1995). I sistemi territoriali agricoli italiani degli anni ’90. Cosenza: Rubbettino.

[12]   Esposti, R. (2000). Problemi e risorse per lo sviluppo rurale. In A. Arzeni, R. Esposti, A. Solustri, & F. Sotte (Eds.), Il sistema agricolo ed alimentare nelle Marche. Rapporto 2000. Milano: Franco Angeli.

[13]   European Commission (2012). The Common Agricultural Policy a Partnership between Europe and Farmers. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

[14]   Gallego, F. J. (2004). Mapping Rural/Urban Areas from Population Density Grids. Italy: Institute for Environment and Sustainability, JRC-EC, ISPRA.

[15]   McMillen, D. P. (2003). Spatial Autocorrelation or Model Misspecification? International Regional Science Review, 26, 208-217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0160017602250977

[16]   McMillen, D. P. (2006). Ch 8 Testing for Monocentricity. In R. J. Arnott, & D. P. McMillen (Eds.), A Companion to Urban Economics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

[17]   Mills, E. S. (1967). An Aggregative Model of Resource Allocation in a Metropolitan Area. The American Economic Review, 57, 197-210.

[18]   MIPAAF (2011). Costruire il futuro: Difendere l’agricoltura dalla cementificazione.

[19]   Muth, R. F. (1969). Cities and Housing: The Spatial Pattern of Urban Residential Land Use. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

[20]   Pareglio, S., & Pozzi, F. (2013). Analisi e caratterizzazione dei sistemi agricoli e territoriali della Lombardia. In Analisi e Governo dell'Agricoltura Periurbana-Rapporto finale del progetto di ricerca AGAPU. Milan: Fondazione Lombardia per l'Ambiente.

[21]   Pareglio, S. (2013). The Case for Policy Intervention in Land Use Change: A Critical Assessment. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 8, 217-223.

[22]   Paulsen, K. (2012). Yet even More Evidence on the Spatial Size of Cities: Urban Spatial Expansion in the US, 1980-2000. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 42, 561-568. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2012.02.002

[23]   Rodríguez-Gámez, L., & Dall’erba, S. (2012). Spatial Distribution of Employment in Hermosillo, 1999-2004. Urban Studies, 49, 3663-3678. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0042098012448552

[24]   Vard, T., Willems, E., Lemmens, T., & Peters, R. (2005). Use of the CORINE Land Cover to Identify the Rural Character of Communes and Regions at EU Level. In: Trends of Some Agri-Environmental Indicators of the European Union, EUR 21669 EN 220. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

 
 
Top