Influence of Infinitesimal Neglected Effects by Current Theory of Gravitation and Experiments on the Stability of the Universe

ABSTRACT

From the hypotheses compatible with microphysics theory, this paper establishes a new theoretical model of static universal gravitation and deduces new formula of the theory of universal gravitation. In a first order approximation, the new formula shows the inverse-square law consistent with Newton formula, which would indicate that the new theory is consistent with the experimental results that can be reasonably explained by the current theory of gravitation. The parameters and higher order terms among the coefficients of this paper reveal the numerous infinitesimal neglected effects by current theory and experiments. In the first order approximation, the meanings of the physical parameters included in coefficients are analyzed and the infinitesimal neglected effects are applied in the study of the stability of the universe, which overcomes the difficulty of singularity in the cosmology of Newton, Einstein, etc., and concludes that the boundary of universe is unlimited, without any need of the hypothesis that the universe starts off with the big bang. Therefore, this paper establishes a harmonious and ingenious relationship between microphysics and macrophysics theories. In addition, through the analysis of the formula derived from the theory of this paper, it is found that: in general, the gravitational constant is not always a constant in the gravitation formula requiring high precision; from the perspective of the interaction of field quantum, the acting force may not be equal to counter-acting force under the interaction of indirect contact; the gravity process is an exothermic process; in the gravitational process, annihilation effects may exist amongst gravitons; reciprocal translation may exist amongst fundamental forces.

From the hypotheses compatible with microphysics theory, this paper establishes a new theoretical model of static universal gravitation and deduces new formula of the theory of universal gravitation. In a first order approximation, the new formula shows the inverse-square law consistent with Newton formula, which would indicate that the new theory is consistent with the experimental results that can be reasonably explained by the current theory of gravitation. The parameters and higher order terms among the coefficients of this paper reveal the numerous infinitesimal neglected effects by current theory and experiments. In the first order approximation, the meanings of the physical parameters included in coefficients are analyzed and the infinitesimal neglected effects are applied in the study of the stability of the universe, which overcomes the difficulty of singularity in the cosmology of Newton, Einstein, etc., and concludes that the boundary of universe is unlimited, without any need of the hypothesis that the universe starts off with the big bang. Therefore, this paper establishes a harmonious and ingenious relationship between microphysics and macrophysics theories. In addition, through the analysis of the formula derived from the theory of this paper, it is found that: in general, the gravitational constant is not always a constant in the gravitation formula requiring high precision; from the perspective of the interaction of field quantum, the acting force may not be equal to counter-acting force under the interaction of indirect contact; the gravity process is an exothermic process; in the gravitational process, annihilation effects may exist amongst gravitons; reciprocal translation may exist amongst fundamental forces.

KEYWORDS

Universal Gravitation, Graviton, Annihilation Effect, General Theory of Relativity, Steady-State Model of the Universe, Infinitesimal

Universal Gravitation, Graviton, Annihilation Effect, General Theory of Relativity, Steady-State Model of the Universe, Infinitesimal

Cite this paper

Luo, P. (2014) Influence of Infinitesimal Neglected Effects by Current Theory of Gravitation and Experiments on the Stability of the Universe.*Journal of Modern Physics*, **5**, 1437-1449. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2014.515145.

Luo, P. (2014) Influence of Infinitesimal Neglected Effects by Current Theory of Gravitation and Experiments on the Stability of the Universe.

References

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http://science.nasa.gov/astrophysics/focus-areas/what-is-dark-energy/

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1999JB900163

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[2] See, W.D. (1911) Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 7l, 388.

[3] Lv, J.H. (1984) Journal of Chinese Science and Technology University, No. 1, P22-P26.

[4] Lv, J.H. (1986) Studies in Dialectics of Nature, 2, P27-P34.

[5] French, A.P. (1987) World Science, 3, P25-P28.

[6] Newman, R.D. (1982) Tests of the Gravitational Inverse Square Law on Laboratory Distance Scale. The 3rd Marcel Grossman Meeting on Recent Development in General Relativity, Shanghai, 30 August-3 September 1982, 12 p.

[7] Rosser, W.G.V. (1971) An Introduction to the Theory of Relativity (in Chinese). Butterworths, London. Translated by Yue, Z.Y. and Guan, D.X., Science Press, Beijing.

[8] Einstein, A. (1955) RELATIVITY The Special and The General Theory (in Chinese). Methuen & Co. Ltd., London. Translated by Yang Runyin, Shanghai Science and Technology Press, Beijing.

[9] Pauli, W. (1958) Theory of Relativity (in Chinese). Pergamon Press, Oxford. Translated by Ling, D.H. and Zhou, W.S., Shanghai Science and Technology Press, Beijign.

[10] Weinberg. S. (1980) Gravitation and Cosmology, Principles and Applications of the General Theory of Relativity (in Chinese). Science Press, Beijing.

[11] Filkin, D. (2000) Stephen Hawking’s Universe. Translated by Zhao, F.H., Hainan Press, Beijing.

[12] Dark Energy, Dark Matter. (2014)

http://science.nasa.gov/astrophysics/focus-areas/what-is-dark-energy/

[13] “Dark Energy” and “Dark Matter”. (2014)

http://baike.baidu.com/view/50517.htm?fr=wordsearch,http://baike.baidu.com/subview/763/5784093.htm?fromId=763&from=rdtself&fr=wordsearch

[14] John, H. (1997) The End of Science. Yuanfang Press, Beijing.

[15] He, X.T. and Qiao, G. (1993) Studies in Dialectics of Nature, 9, P12-P17.

[16] Li, G.D. (1999) Modern Magnetics. Press of University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei.

[17] Kok, Y.S. (1999) Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 166, 105-119.

[18] Bucha, V. and Bucha Jr., V. (1998) Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 60, 145-169.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1364-6826(97)00119-3

[19] Guyodo, Y., Richter, C. and Valet, J.P. (1999) Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 22953-22964.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1999JB900163