AS  Vol.2 No.2 , May 2011
Soil reinforcement by a root system and its effects on sediment yield in response to concentrated flow in the loess plateau
Author(s) Peng Li, Zhanbin Li
The importance of roots in soil conservation has long been underestimated due to a lack of sys-tematic studies conducted to evaluate root dis-tribution patterns and their effects on soil ero-sion. Current knowledge regarding root mor-phology and its impact on soil erosion by water is limited; therefore, detailed analysis of the role that root systems play in controlling soil ero-sion is needed. In this study, stratified runoff scouring at different soil depths in the field was conducted in a grassland area. The results in-dicated that both root biomass and soil wa-ter-stable aggregates decreased as soil depth increased at all three sites, while there was al-most no change in soil bulk density at 1.3g/cm3. Sediment yields under different runoff dis-charge at different sites showed similar trends, and the sediment yield increased as the soil depth increased at all three sites. Further analysis revealed that close relationships ex-isted between root biomass and the amount of water-stable aggregates and soil organic matter content, and that these factors greatly influ-enced soil erosion. Based on the data generated by the experiment, equations describing the relationship between sediment production at different soil depths and root biomass were determined.

Cite this paper
nullLi, P. and Li, Z. (2011) Soil reinforcement by a root system and its effects on sediment yield in response to concentrated flow in the loess plateau. Agricultural Sciences, 2, 86-93. doi: 10.4236/as.2011.22013.
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