Health  Vol.6 No.16 , September 2014
Self-Rated Health in University Students from Rio Branco in the Western Brazilian Amazon
ABSTRACT
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of unsatisfactory self-rated health in university students. A cross-sectional study was conducted in graduate students of a Public University in the city of Rio Branco in the Western Brazilian Amazon. The overall prevalence of unsatisfactory self-rated health was 23.0%. After adjusting for gender and age, the factors associated with unsatisfactory self-rated health were as follows: sedentarism during leisure time (prevalence ratio (PR): 2.26; 95% CI: 1.56 - 3.29), consuming meals only in restaurants (PR: 1.48; 95% CI: 1.14 - 1.94), insomnia (PR: 1.86; 95% CI: 1.50 - 2.30), headaches (PR: 2.17; 95% CI: 1.52 - 3.09), and back pain (PR: 2.03; 95% CI: 1.58 - 2.60). Thus, a high prevalence of unsatisfactory self-rated health was identified in this group of university students. The findings suggest immediate implementation of programs to promote healthy behaviors and to prevent headaches, back pain and insomnia.

Cite this paper
de Mendonça Freire, L. , Dalamaria, T. , de Aquino Cunha, M. and de Souza, O. (2014) Self-Rated Health in University Students from Rio Branco in the Western Brazilian Amazon. Health, 6, 2245-2249. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.616260.
References
[1]   Picard, M., Juster, R. and Sabiston, C. (2013) Is the Whole Greater than the Sum of the Parts? Self-Rated Health and Transdisciplinarity. Health, 5, 24-30.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/health.2013.512A004

[2]   Dowd, J.B. and Zajacova, A. (2007) Does the Predictive Power of Self-Rated Health for Subsequent Mortality Risk Vary by Socioeconomic Status in the US? International Journal of Epidemiology, 36, 1214-1221.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dym214

[3]   Dachs. J., Norberto, W. and Santos, A.P.R. (2006) Health Self-Rating in Brazil: Analysis of Data of the PNAD/2003. Ciência e Saúde Coletiva, 11, 887-894.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232006000400012

[4]   Brazilian Ministry of Health (2011) Vigitel Brazil 2010: Protective and Risk Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey. Brazilian Ministry of Health, Brasília, 110.

[5]   Bezerra, P.C.L., Optiz, S.P., Koifman, R.J. and Muniz, P.T. (2011) Self-Rated Health and Associated Factors in Adults: A Population Survey in Rio Branco, Acre State, Brazil, 2007-2008. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 27, 2441-2451.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011001200015

[6]   Ramalho, A.A., Dalamaria, T. and Souza, O.F. (2012) Regular Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables by University Students in Rio Branco, Acre State, Brazil: Prevalence and Associated Factors. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 28, 1405-1413.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012000700018

[7]   Associacao Brasileira de Empresas de Pesquisa (2011) Critério de classificacao economica Brasil.
http://www.abep.org/new/criterioBrasil.aspx

[8]   Ainsworth, B.E., Haskell, W.L., Whitt, M.C. and Irwin, M.L. (2000) Compendium of Physical Activities: An Update of Activity Codes and MET Intensities. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 32, S498-S504.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200009001-00009

[9]   Haskell, W.L., Lee, I.M., Pate, R.R., Powell, K.E., Blair, S.N., Franklin, B.A., Macera, C.A., Health, G.W., Thompson, P.D. and Balman, A. (2007) Physical Activity and Public Health: Updated Recommendation for Adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Circulation, 116, 1081-1093.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.185649

[10]   Boune, P.A. (2009) Social Determinants of Health in Jamaica: Are There Differences between the Sexes, and Area of Residences? HealthMED, 3, 359-373.

[11]   Shimidt, M. (2012) Predictors of Self-Rated Health and Lifestyle Behaviours in Swedish University Students. Global Journal of Health Science, 4, 1-14.

[12]   Meurer, L.N., Layde, P.M. and Guse, C.E. (2001) Self-Rated Health Status: A New Vital Sign for Primary Care? World Medical Journal, 100, 35-39.

[13]   Shadbolt, B. (1997) Some Correlates of Self-Rated Health for Australian Women. American Journal of Public Health, 87, 951-956.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.87.6.951

[14]   Peres, M.A., Maciero, A.V., Longo, G.Z., Rocha, G.C., Matos, I.B., Najnie, K., et al. (2010) Self-Rated Health among Adults in Southern Brazil. Revista de Saúde Pública, 44, 901-911.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102010000500016

[15]   Molarius, A., Berglund, K., Eriksson, C., Lamb, E.M., Nordstro, E., Eriksso, H.G., et al. (2007) Socioeconomic Conditions, Lifestyle Factors, and Self-Rated Health among Men and Women in Sweden. European Journal of Public Health, 17, 125-133.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckl070

[16]   Pagotto, V., Nakatani, A.Y.K. and Silveira, E.A. (2011) Factors Associated with Poor Self-Rated Health in Elderly Users of the Brazilian Unified National Health System. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 27, 1593-1602.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011000800014

[17]   Silva, D.A.S. (2012) Lifestyle Indicators and Negative Health Self-Assessment among Students of a Public University in Northeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Atividade Física e Saúde, 17, 263-269.

[18]   Franks, P., Gold, M.R. and Fiscella, K. (2003) Sociodemographics, Self-Rated Health and Mortality in US. Social Science and Medicine, 56, 2505-2514.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(02)00281-2

 
 
Top