CUS  Vol.2 No.3 , September 2014
The Sustainable Development of Miami: Tackling the Homeless Problem
Abstract: The article intends to provide more understanding of strategies intended to tackle homelessness presence in Miami-Date County as well as draw some lessons that could be learnt from experience. It is explanatory in nature and the main method used is extensive literature research as well as the official reports. It discusses the issue of homelessness in the light of sustainable communities; overviews the important strategies for tackling homelessness presence in the literature and practice; discusses the homelessness presence in Miami-Date County and the strategies and main actors that tackle it; discusses the sustainability of these strategies in the light of development of Miami-Dade County; and draws conclusions and suggestions for strategies of tackling homeless presence in Miami-Dade County.
Cite this paper: Kalesnikaite, V. and Garcia-Zamor, J. (2014) The Sustainable Development of Miami: Tackling the Homeless Problem. Current Urban Studies, 2, 188-197. doi: 10.4236/cus.2014.23019.

[1]   Amster, R. (2003). Patterns of Exclusion: Sanitizing Space, Criminalizing Homelessness. Social Justice, 30, 195-221.

[2]   Bella, C. L., & Lopez, D. L. (1994). Quality of Life—At What Price? Constitutional Challenges to Laws Adequately Impacting the Homeless. Journal of Civil Rights and Economic Development, 40, 89-121.

[3]   Calsyn, R. J., & Morse, G. A. (1991). Predicting Chronic Homelessness. Urban Affairs Quarterly, 27, 155-164.

[4]   Council on Homelessness, Department of Children and Families (2013). Council on Homelessness 2013 Report.

[5]   Cozens, P. M. (2002). Development and Crime Prevention through Environmental Design for the British City: Towards an Effective Urban Environmentalism for the 21st Century. Cities, 19, 129-137.

[6]   Craig, T. K. J., & Hodson, S. (2000). Homeless Youth in London: II. Accomodation, Employment and Health Outcomes After 1 year. Psychological Medicine, 30, 187-194.

[7]   Cunningham, K. (1999). Out of Sight-Out of Mind: A Report on Anti-Homeless Laws, Litigation and Alternatives in 50 United States Cities. Washington DC: National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty.

[8]   Dale, A., & Newman, L. (2010). Social Capital: A Necessary and Sufficient Condition for Sustainable Community Development? Community Development Journal, 45, 5-21.

[9]   Department of Community Affairs of the State of Florida (2013). State of Florida Consolidated Plan Federal Fiscal Years 2011-2015.

[10]   Department of Housing and Urban Development (2013). The 2013 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR) to Congress.

[11]   Flint, J., & Raco, M. (2012). The Future of Sustainable Cities: Critical Reflections. Bristol: The Policy Press.

[12]   Frank, K. (2002). Historic Preservation in the USA. Berlin: Springer.

[13]   Glass, R. (1964). London: Aspects of Change. London: MacGibbon & Kee.

[14]   Harding, J., & Willett, A. (2008). Barriers and Contradictions in the Resettlement of Single Homeless People. Social Policy and Society, 7, 433-444.

[15]   Hombs, M. E. (2001). American Homelessness: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO Inc.

[16]   Homeless Trust (2014). The Homeless Trust.

[17]   King, W. R., & Dunn, T. M. (2004). Dumping: Police-Initiated Transjurisdictional Transport of Troublesome Persons. Police Quarterly, 7, 339-358.

[18]   Levinson, D. (2004). Encyclopedia of Homelessness. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

[19]   Miami-Dade County (2013). Miami-Dade County: Economic and Demographic Profile 2013.

[20]   Miami Herald (2014). Miami Approves Settlement That Would Water down Homeless Rights.

[21]   Miami Herald (2014). Miami’s Homeless Stripped of Some Rights as Judge Accepts Settlement.

[22]   National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty (2014). Criminalizing Crisis: The Criminalization of Homelessness in U.S. Cities.

[23]   Nijman, J. (1997). Globalization to a Latin Beat: The Miami Growth Machine. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 551, 164-177.

[24]   Nijman, J. (2011). Miami: Mistress of the Americas. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

[25]   Pottinger v. City of Miami, 810 F. Supp. 155 S. D. Fla. (1992).

[26]   Raco, M. (2007). Building Sustainable Communities: Spatial Policy and Labour Mobility in Post-War Britain. Bristol: The Policy Press.

[27]   Rittel, H. W., & Webber, M. M. (1973). Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning. Policy Sciences, 4, 155-169.

[28]   Roseland, M. (2012). Toward Sustainable Communities: Solutions for Citizens and Their Governments. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers.

[29]   Rossi, P. H. (2013). Down and Out in America: The Origins of Homelessness. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

[30]   Sassen, S. (1993). Miami: A New Global City? Contemporary Sociology, 22, 471-477.

[31]   Seven50 (2014). About the Southeast Florida Regional Partnership.

[32]   Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2011). Current Statistics on the Prevalence and Characteristics of People Experiencing Homelessness in the United States.

[33]   Slumsky, N. L. (2012). Homelessness: A Documentary and Reference Guide. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.

[34]   Tonkiss, F. (2013). Cities by Design: The Social Life of Urban Form. Cambridge: Polity Press.

[35]   Thompson, W. N. (2005). Native American Issues: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO Inc.

[36]   United Nations (1987). A/RES/42/187 Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development.

[37]   United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat) (2000). Strategies to Combat Homelessness.

[38]   U.S. Census Bureau (2012). Household Income Inequality within U.S. Counties: 2006-2010.

[39]   U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUB) (2010). Strategies for Improving Homeless People’s Access to Mainstream Benefits and Services.

[40]   U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUB) (2014). Homelessness Assistance.

[41]   Utah Department of Community Services and Economic Development (2004). Ten-Year Strategic Action Plan to End Chro- nic Homelessness.

[42]   Utah Housing and Community Development Division (2012). Utah: Comprehensive Report on Homelessness.

[43]   Wright, J. D., & Donley, A. M. (2011). Poor and Homeless in the Sunshine State: Down and Out in Theme Park Nation. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.