IJOHNS  Vol.3 No.5 , September 2014
Aural Toileting and Dressing—Important Intervention Measures in the Management of Acute Suppurative Otitis Media
ABSTRACT
Background: Otitis media is one of the most common childhood infections, the leading cause of doctor’s visit by children in ENT clinic. The acute form if not recognized early is commonly characterized by suppuration from the middle ear following perforation of the tympanic membrane otherwise referred to as acute suppurative otitis media (ASOM). If not adequately treated, it progresses to chronic suppurative otitis media with attendant challenges in management. Ceasation of ear discharge is an indication of resolution of disease. The objective of this study is to appraise the value of local ear suction toileting and dressing in the ceasation of ear discharge in acute suppurative otitis media. Materials and Method: Consecutive new cases of acute suppurative otitis media seen at the Ear, Nose and Throat clinic of a tertiary health centre in north western Nigeria were assessed for efficacy of aural toileting and dressing with antibioctic impregnated guaze in the treatment of acute suppurative otitis media and compared with patients with similar disease without aural toileting and dressing or dressing with normal saline soaked guaze in addition to systemic antibiotic and antihistamine medications. Ear toileting was done by suctioning the discharge with suction machine, and cleaning the external auditory canal with hydrogen peroxide and methylated spirit. They were then dressed with gauze impregnated with antibiotic ear drops daily until there was no more ear discharge. The period of ceasation of ear discharge in each group was assessed. Results: There were 39 patients with acute suppurative otitis media (ASOM). Eighteen were females (46.2%) while 21 were males (53.8%), giving M:F ratio 1:2.1. Their ages ranged between 1 month and 45 years. About 36 (92.3%) were children and out of this, 28 (77.8%) were less than 5 years old. The average period of ceasation of discharge was 24 - 48 hours with those undergoing ear toileting and dressing but varied between 7 and 10 days with those without ear dressing or dressing with normal saline soaked guaze. This finding compelled us to stop the study on ethical grounds when this was carried out in the first 5 patients on each side of the study groups necessitating reversals of other groups to aural toileting and dressing with antibiotic impregnated guaze. Conclusion: Local ear toileting and dressing appear to show significant contribution to the early ceasation of ear discharge and are highly recommended not only for acute suppurative otitis media but also for all suppurative ear diseases.

Cite this paper
Iseh, K. , Amutta, S. , Mohammed, A. , Aliyu, D. , Osisi, K. , Salihu, L. , Oyewusi, S. and Iseh, G. (2014) Aural Toileting and Dressing—Important Intervention Measures in the Management of Acute Suppurative Otitis Media. International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, 3, 233-238. doi: 10.4236/ijohns.2014.35043.
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