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 CellBio  Vol.3 No.3 , September 2014
Raw264.7 Cells Secrete Fibroblast Growth Stimulating Activity after Differentiation to Macrophages by Stimulation with Lipopolysaccharide
Abstract: Raw264.7 cells are monocytic cells that can differentiate to activated macrophages after lipopoly-saccharide (LPS) stimulation. Here, we analyzed the factors secreted by Raw264.7 cells in response to LPS. The culture media of LPS-treated Raw264.7 cells was able to stimulate growth in MEF1F2 and NIH3T3 mouse fibroblast cell lines. We identified five secreted and LPS-induced chemokines, CCL2, CCL5, CCL12, CxCL2, and CxCL10, by microarray analysis and tested their stimulatory activity. We used commercially available bacterially expressed proteins, and found only CCL12, CxCL2 and CxCL10 stimulated growth in MEF1F2 and NIH3T3 cells. The saturation density of the cells was also increased. They were not able to stimulate growth in v-Src transformed MEF1F2 or SWAP-70 transformed NIH3T3 cells. We examined signaling pathways activated by these three factors. We found that ERK and p38 MAP kinase were activated and were required for the activity to stimulate the cell growth. Other pathways including phosophatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K), NFκB pathways were not activated. These results suggest that Raw264.7 cells secretes growth stimulation factors for fibroblasts when differentiated to macrophages implicating that fast growth of them is related to inflamation although the reason is still unclear.
Cite this paper: Lai, J. , Shu, C. , Morishita, K. , Ichikawa, T. and Fukui, Y. (2014) Raw264.7 Cells Secrete Fibroblast Growth Stimulating Activity after Differentiation to Macrophages by Stimulation with Lipopolysaccharide. CellBio, 3, 87-95. doi: 10.4236/cellbio.2014.33009.
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