Committee on Council of Social Security of Children Se-Ction Concering Child Abuse (2013) The 9’s Analysis Reports by Death Cases of Child Abuse and Neglect. Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.
 Cindy, M., Pamela, C., Kimberly, B., et al. (2005) Predicators of Child Abuse Potential among Military Parents: Comparing mothers and Fathers. Journal of Family Violence, 20, 123-129.
 Izumi, U., Kazuko, S., Mariko, K., et al. (2010) Reviews of Domestic and International Research Papers on the Characteristics of Fathers Regarding Child Abuse. Japanese Journal of Child Abuse & Neglect, 12, 271-287.
 Izumi, U., Kazuko, S., Mariko, K., et al. (2014) A Perspective of Public Health Nurses on the Human Relations and Behavioral Characteristics of Fathers Who Abused Their Children. Japanese Journal of Public health Nursing, 2, 2-11.
 Department of Health and Welfare, Metropolis of Tokyo (2007) The 2nd Report on the Actual Situation of Child Abuse.