This study aims to
identify details of the psychosocial characteristics of fathers
who have abused children as they appear to public health nurses (PHNs). In this study a
qualitative descriptive design was applied to the data analysis. Interviewees
were 10 public health nurses (PHNs), in charge of maternal
and child health services for 5 or more years at public
health centers. The study analyzed 13 cases reported in the PHNs interviews. The characteristics
of the fathers who had abused children as seen by the PHNs were the psycho-social characteristics
of ‘weak suppression and control of impulsiveness’, ‘cognitive dissonance in
the fatherhood role’, ‘poor social sensitivity’, ‘unbalanced relationship with
other members of the family’ and ‘weak relationships with people around the
father’. The father’s impulsiveness and cognitive dissonances in the fatherhood
role are associated with weaknesses in the family relationships
and social adaptation. Conversely, the weakness in the strength of family
relationships and social adaptation affects the father’s ability to control impulsiveness
and give rise to the cognitive
dissonance in the fatherhood role. These in turn interact to create a negative
downward spiral, a steadily worsening situation. The findings of this study
suggest the necessity for PHNs to focus on the background to the
cognitive dissonance in the fatherhood role and to work to educate and guide the fathers.
Cite this paper
Ueda, I. , Izumi, H. , Saeki, K. , Namikawa, K. and Shiromaru, M. (2014) Psychosocial Characteristics of Fathers Who Have Abused Their Children as Seen by Public Health Nurses. Open Journal of Nursing
, 669-675. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2014.49071
 Committee on Council of Social Security of Children Se-Ction Concering Child Abuse (2013) The 9’s Analysis Reports by Death Cases of Child Abuse and Neglect. Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.http://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/houdou/2r98520000037b58-att/2r98520000037bag.pdf
 Izumi, U. and Kazuko, S. (2009) 6-1 Public Health Nurse’s Care for Mather and Child Health, New Child Care for Neighborhood Action. Chuuouhoukisyuppan Press, Tokyo, 224-231.
 Cindy, M., Pamela, C., Kimberly, B., et al. (2005) Predicators of Child Abuse Potential among Military Parents: Comparing mothers and Fathers. Journal of Family Violence, 20, 123-129. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10896-005-3175-6
 Izumi, U., Kazuko, S., Mariko, K., et al. (2010) Reviews of Domestic and International Research Papers on the Characteristics of Fathers Regarding Child Abuse. Japanese Journal of Child Abuse & Neglect, 12, 271-287.
 Izumi, U., Kazuko, S., Mariko, K., et al. (2014) A Perspective of Public Health Nurses on the Human Relations and Behavioral Characteristics of Fathers Who Abused Their Children. Japanese Journal of Public health Nursing, 2, 2-11.
 Yuri, M. (2008) Sexual Abuse to Children. Iwanamisyoten Press, Tokyo, 32-52.
 Micyiko, K. (1999) Chapter III Support for Child Abuse and Neglect, The Detection and Check on Child Abuse and Neglect. Tokisyobou, Oosaka, 140-158.
 Takeshi, T. (2007) Psychoeducational Approaches for Families: Concept and Methods: Approaches for Fathers Group. Kanekosyobou Press, Tokyo, 59-73.
 Department of Health and Welfare, Metropolis of Tokyo (2007) The 2nd Report on the Actual Situation of Child Abuse. http://www.mhlw.go.jp/bunya/kodomo/dv36/index.html