JEMAA  Vol.6 No.9 , August 2014
Electromagnetic—Pure Gravity Connection via Hardy’s Quantum Entanglement
Abstract

Pure gravity in eight dimensional super space possesses twenty degrees of freedom. Gauging these generalized coordinates in terms of a single self entangled Hardy type quantum particle we retrieve one hundred and thirty seven isometries corresponding to the well known value of the inverse electromagnetic fine structure constant. The deep implications of this thought provoking result are discussed in a general physical context.


Cite this paper
Naschie, M. (2014) Electromagnetic—Pure Gravity Connection via Hardy’s Quantum Entanglement. Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications, 6, 233-237. doi: 10.4236/jemaa.2014.69023.
References

[1]   Marek-Crnjac, L. and He, J.-H. (2013) An Invitation to El Naschie’s Theory of Cantorian Space-Time and Dark Energy. International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 3, 464-471.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ijaa.2013.34053

[2]   El Naschie, M.S. (2013) The Hydrogen Atom Fractal Spectra, the Missing Dark Energy of the Cosmos and Their Hardy Quantum Entanglement. International Journal of Modern Nonlinear Theory & Application, 2, 167-169.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ijmnta.2013.23023

[3]   El Naschie, M.S., He, J.-H. and Marek-Crnjac, L. (2012) The Fine Structure Alpha Electromagnetism as the Most Fundamental Constant of Theoretical Physics. Fractal Spacetime and Noncommutative Geometry and High Energy Physics, 2, 143-153.

[4]   El Naschie, M.S. and Nada, S. (2012) A Note on a Topological Geometrical Interpretation of Bell’s Inequality and Hardy’ Quantum Entanglement. Fractal Spacetime and Noncommutative Geometry and High Energy Physics, 2, 50-55.

[5]   El Naschie, M.S. (2011) Electroweak Connection and Universality of Hardy’s Quantum Entanglement. Fractal Spacetime and Noncommutative Geometry and High Energy Physics, 1, 25-30.

[6]   Helal, M.A., Marek-Crnjac, L. and He, J.-H. (2013) The Three Page Guide to the Most Important Results of M.S. El Naschie’s Research in E-Infinity Quantum Physics and Cosmology. Open Journal of Microphysics, 3, 141-145.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojm.2013.34020

[7]   Hardy, L. (1993) Nonlocality of Two Particles without Inequalities for Almost All Entangled States. Physical Review Letters, 71, 1665-1668.

[8]   El Naschie, M.S. (2011) Quantum Entanglement as a Consequence of a Cantorian Micro Spacetime Geometry. Journal of Quantum Information Science, 1, 50-53.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jqis.2011.12007

[9]   El Naschie, M.S. (2013) A Unified Newtonian-Relativistic Quantum Resolution of the Supposedly Missing Dark Energy of the Cosmos and the Constancy of the Speed of Light. International Journal of Modern Nonlinear Theory and Application, 2, 43-54.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ijmnta.2013.21005

[10]   May, J.P. (2009) What Precisely Are E-Infinity Ring Spaces and E-Infinity Ring Spectra?
arXiv preprint: arXiv.0903.2813V1[math.A7]

[11]   Fresse, B. (2010) The Bar Complex of an E-Infinity Algebra. Advances in Mathematics, 223, 2049-2096.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aim.2009.08.022

[12]   El Naschie, M.S. (2013) A Rindler-KAM Spacetime Geometry and Scaling the Planck Scale Solves Quantum Relativity and Explains Dark Energy. International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 3, 483-493.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ijaa.2013.34056

[13]   El Naschie, M.S. (2014) Rindler Space Derivation of Dark Energy. Journal of Modern Physics & Applications, 6, 1-10.

[14]   El Naschie, M.S. (2014) Entanglement of E8E8 Exceptional Lie Symmetry Group Dark Energy, Einstein’s Maximal Total Energy and the Hartle-Hawking No Boundary Proposal as the Explanation for Dark Energy. World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics, 4, 74-77.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/wjcmp.2014.42011

[15]   Orczy, B.E. (1905) The Scarlet Pimpernel. Hutchinson, UK.

[16]   El Naschie, M.S. (2004) A Review of E-Infinity and the Mass Spectrum of High Energy Particle Physics. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 19, 209-236.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-0779(03)00278-9

[17]   El Naschie, M.S. (2007) Rigorous Derivation of the Inverse Electromagnetic Fine Structure Constant α = 1/137.036 Using Superstring Theory and the Holographic Boundary of E-Infinity. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 32, 893-895.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2006.09.055

[18]   El Naschie, M.S. (2004) Quantum Gravity, Clifford Algebras, Fuzzy Set Theory and the Fundamental Constants of Nature. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 20, 437-450.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2003.09.029

[19]   El Naschie, M.S. (2008) Exact Non-Perturbative Derivation of Gravity’s Fine Structure Constant, the Mass of the Higgs and Elementary Black Holes. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 37, 346-359.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2007.10.021

[20]   El Naschie, M.S. (2008) On a Canonical Equation for All Fundamental Interactions. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 36, 1200-1204.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2007.09.039

[21]   El Naschie, M.S. (2007) On D. Gross’ Criticism of S. Eddington and an Exact Calculation of . Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 32, 1245-1249.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2006.10.035

[22]   Penrose, R. (2004) The Road to Reality. Jonathan Cape, London.

[23]   El Naschie, M.S. (2013) Experimentally Based Theoretical Arguments that Unruh’s Temperature, Hawking’s Vacuum Fluctuation and Rindler’s Wedge Are Physically Real. American Journal of Modern Physics, 2, 357-361.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11648/j.ajmp.20130206.23

[24]   El Naschie, M.S. (2014) Cosmic Dark Energy from ‘t Hooft’s Dimensional Regularization and Witten’s Topological Quantum Field Pure Gravity. Journal of Quantum Information Science, 4, 83-91.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jqis.2014.42008

[25]   El Naschie, M.S. (2014) Einstein’s General Relativity and Pure Gravity in a Cosserat and De Sitter-Witten Spacetime Setting as the Explanation of Dark Energy and Cosmic Accelerated Expansion. International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 4, 332-339.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ijaa.2014.42027

[26]   El Naschie, M.S. (2008) P-Adic Analysis and the Transfinite E8 Exceptional Lie Symmetry Group Unification. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 38, 612-614.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2008.03.005

[27]   Bekenstein, J. (2013) Trouble with Physics: Time to Discard Relativity? New Scientist, 217, 42.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0262-4079(13)60568-0

[28]   El Naschie, M.S. (2014) Why E Is Not Equal to mc2. Journal of Modern Physics, 5, 743-750.

 
 
Top