A sero-prevalence survey of Toxoplasmosis
in domestic animals (camels, cattle, sheep and goats) was conducted in the Benadir
region of Somalia from January to July 2014 to determine the status of the disease.
A total of 151 sera were tested, 64 camels; 28 cattle; 29 sheep and 30 goats, for
the presence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies using Latex Agglutination Test (LAT). Totally
about 15.9% (24/151) of studied animals showed sero-positive. The sero-prevalence
was found in 6.3% of 64 camels, 7.1% of 28 cattle, 34.5% of 29 sheep and 26.7% of
30 goats. The antibody titres to T. gondii positive sera were 2 (8.3%), 9 (37.5%), 4 (16.7%), 4 (16.7%), 4 (16.7%), 1 (4.2%)
and 0 (0%) by dilution of 1:2, 1:4, 1:8, 1:16, 1:32, 1:64 and 1:128 respectively.
Out of 151 domestic animals (45 male and 106 female), 8 (5.3%) males and 16 (10.6%)
females were infected with T. gondii.
The study recommends the need for further researches in the whole country using
different serological tests and to determine the impact of these findings on the
human population. It would be important to increase public awareness on zoonotic
potential of Toxoplasmosis.
 (2008) OIE Terrestrial Manual, Chapter 2.9.10—Toxoplasmosis. 1284-1293.
 Dubey, J.P. and Jones, J.L. (2008) Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Humans and Animals in the United States. International Journal for Parasitology, 38, 1257-1278.
 Holec-Gasior, L., Drapala, D., Dominiak-Górski, B. and Kur, J. (2013) Epidemiological Study of Toxoplasma gondii Infection among Cattle in Northern Poland. Annals of Agricultural and Environmen-
tal Medicine, 20, 653-656.
 Sanati, H., Fard, S.R.N., Nahrevanian, H., Khalili, M. and Safari, Z. (2012) Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Antibodies in Dairy Cows in Kerman Province, South East Iran. Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 4, 417-421.
 Ahmed, H.J., Mohammed, H.H., Yusuf, M.W., Ahmed, S.F. and Huldt, G. (1988) Prevalence of Toxoplasma Antibodies in a Village in the Lower Scebelli Region and in Mogadishu. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 82, 330-332.
 Zardi, O., Adorisio, E., Harare, O. and Nuti, M. (1980) Serological Survey of Toxoplasmosis in Somalia. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 82, 577-581.
 Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2004) Somalia, towards a Livestock Sector Strategy. Final Report. FAO-World Bank Cooperative Programme. European Union, Report No. 04/001 IC-SOM.
 (1999) Food Security Assessment Unit (FSAU).
 Khalil, K.M. and Elrayah, I.E. (2011) Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Antibodies in Farm Animals (Camels, Cattle and Sheep) in Sudan. Journal of Medicine and Animal Health, 3, 36-39.
 Shaapan, R.M. and Khalil, A.M.F. (2008) Evaluation of Different Toxoplasma gondii Isolates as Antigens Used in the Modified Agglutination Test for the Detection of Toxoplasmosis in Camels and Donkeys. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, 3, 837-841.
 Hamidinejat, H., Ghorbanpour, M., Rasooli, A., Nouri, M., Hekmatimoghaddam, S., Namavari, M.M., Pourmehdi-Borojeni, M. and Sazmand, A. (2013) Occurrence of Anti-Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum Antibodies in Camels (Camelus dromedarius) in the Center of Iran. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 37, 277-281.
 Utuk, A.E., Kirbas, A., Babur, C. and Balkaya, I. (2012) Detection of Toxoplasma gondii Antibodies and Some Helminthic Parasites in Camels from Nevsehir Province of Turkey. Israel Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 67, 106.
 Asgari, Q., Sarkari, B., Amerinia, M. and Panahi, S. (2013) Mohammad-Pour I and Sadeghi Sarvestani A, Toxoplasma Infection in Farm Animals: A Seroepidemiological Survey in Fars Province, South of Iran. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, 6, 268-272.
 Zaki, M. (1995) Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma Gondii in Domestic Animals in Pakistan. Juvenile Products Manufacturers Association, 45, 1-4.
 Jittapalapong, S., Sangwaranond, A., Inpankaew, T., Phasuk, C., Pinyopanuwat, N., Chimnoi, W., Kengradomkij, C., Arunwipat, P. and Maruyama, S. (2008) Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Dairy Cows in Northeastern Thailand. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 39, 1-5.
 Bekele, T. and Kasali, O.B. (1989) Toxoplasmosis in Sheep, Goats and Cattle in Central Ethiopia. Veterinary Research Communications, 13, 371-375. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00346069
 Al-Mabruk, A.A., Alkhunfas, S.R., El-Buni, A.A., Annajar, B.B. and Elsaid, M.M.A. (2013) Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Antibodies in Sheep from Libya. International Journal of Advanced Research, 1, 148-154
 Chantal, J., Dorchies, P. and Legueno, B. (1994) A Study on Some Zoonoses in Djibouti Republic. I. Ruminants from Djibouti Slaughterhouse. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire, 8-9, 633-640.
 Negash, T., Tilahun, G., Patton, S., Prévot, F. and Dorchies, P.H. (2004) Serological Survey on Toxoplasmosis in Sheep and Goats in Nazareth, Ethiopia. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire, 10, 486-487.
 Tasawar, Z., Lashari, M.H., Hanif, M. and Hayat, C.S. (2011) Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Domestic Goats in Multan, Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Science, 9, 24-27.
 Ghazaei, C. (2006) Serological Survey of Antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in Ardabil State, Iran. African Journal of Health Sciences, 13, 131-134.