Brief Note on a Scalar Quantum Field with Finite Lifetime in a Lorentz Invariant Non-Rectangular Euclidean Space

ABSTRACT

A not necessary rectangular Euclidean space (NoNRES) is constructed, in which one obtains a generally Lorentz invariant scalar product for the low energy sector (LES). This sector is defined for energies below the Planckian limit. If the energy is zero, the NoNRES becomes rectangular and due to the Lorentz invariance, it is applicable for the complete LES of the theory. In contrast to the usual Minkowski space the metric of the NoNRES depends on the kinetic energy of the observed quantum particles. It is assumed that this metric may be useful to derive the scattering cross-section of the corresponding quantum field theory. This assumption is related to the occurrence of divergent loop momentum integrals caused by including the infinite energy range above the Planckian limit (high energy sector or HES). Due to its energy dependence, the metric in both energy sectors differs. In the HES, it depends on the effective dimension of the NoNRES. This dependency results from fluctuations of the space-time above the Planckian limit. Even if they are not part of the theory (as they would be in quantum gravity), these fluctuations should not be ignored. The effective dimension decreases if the energy of the considered particle increases. Since this is true for the HES only, the ultraviolet divergences of loop integrals seem to vanish without distorting the results of the LES. The mechanism is illustrated by calculating the tadpole integral occurring for a simple self-interacting scalar quantum field (with the Higgs mass as example). One obtains a finite contribution for the integral and consequently for the lifetime of the scalar particle.

Cite this paper

Tornow, C. (2014) Brief Note on a Scalar Quantum Field with Finite Lifetime in a Lorentz Invariant Non-Rectangular Euclidean Space.*Journal of Modern Physics*, **5**, 1344-1352. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2014.514135.

Tornow, C. (2014) Brief Note on a Scalar Quantum Field with Finite Lifetime in a Lorentz Invariant Non-Rectangular Euclidean Space.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2012.08.020

[2] Chatrchyan, S., et al. [CMS Collaboration] (2012) Physics Letters B, 716, 30-61.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2012.08.02s1

[3] Delamotte, B. (2004) American Journal of Physics, 72, 170-184.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1119/1.1624112

[4] Erdmenger, J., Meyer, R. and Park, J.-H. (2007) Physical Review Letters, 98, Article ID: 261301.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.261301

[5] Gharibyan, V. (2012) Physical Review Letters, 109, Article ID: 141103.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.141103

[6] Balian, R. (2003) Seminaire Poincare, 2, 13-27.

[7] Twomey, S. (2002) Introduction to the Mathematics of Inversion in Remote Sensing and Indirect Measurements, Courier Dover Publications.