JMP  Vol.5 No.14 , August 2014
Motion Characteristics of Single Electrons of Atoms of Atomic Gas of Hydrogen and Single Electrons of Hydrogen-Like Ions in Form Gas or Vapour during Decays of Such Atoms and Ions. Emission Line Spectra
Affiliation(s)
Kyiv, Ukraine.
ABSTRACT

For the first time the vector differential equation of central motion of single electron in electric field of an atomic nucleus as in external central electric field is set up and solved. Here the following findings are reported. Each of single electrons of a part of atoms of atomic gas of hydrogen and a part of hydrogen-like ions in the form of a gas or a vapour revolves around corresponding atomic nucleus in a flat spiral which has an interior maximum of turns density. The distance between each of these single electrons and corresponding atomic nucleus increases while a speed of single electron decreases. Such motion of single electrons takes place with no expenditures of external energy and points to decays of foregoing parts of atoms and ions. The electric field strength of the atomic nuclei of atoms of atomic gas of hydrogen and hydrogen-like ions in the form of a gas or a vapour is inversely proportional to the distance between the atomic nucleus and the corresponding single electron by greater than the power of 3. Calculated cyclic frequency (rough value 3.5×1014 s-1) of revolution of the electron around the nucleus of atom of atomic gas of hydrogen (in interior maximum of turns density of the flat spiral), which moves at speed 2.2×106 ms-1, and central cyclic frequency of α-line of Balmer series (4.5×1014 s-1) have the same order of magnitude. This fact and line structure of experimental emission line spectra confirm the formation of all lines of these spectra by continuous slight emission of light front by single electrons. The formation of series of lines of emission line spectra is linked to repeated creations of atoms of atomic gas of hydrogen and hydrogen-like ions in the form of a gas or a vapour.


Cite this paper
Strilets, I. (2014) Motion Characteristics of Single Electrons of Atoms of Atomic Gas of Hydrogen and Single Electrons of Hydrogen-Like Ions in Form Gas or Vapour during Decays of Such Atoms and Ions. Emission Line Spectra. Journal of Modern Physics, 5, 1302-1320. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2014.514131.
References
[1]   Daintith, J. (2009) A Dictionary of Physics (Oxford Paperback Reference). Sixth Edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

[2]   Hau, L.V., Harris, S.E., Dutton, Z. and Behroozi, C.H. (1999) Light Speed Reduction to 17 Metres Per Second in an Ultracold Atomic Gas. Nature, 397, 594-598.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/17561

[3]   Korn, G.A. and Korn, T.M. (2000) Mathematical Handbook for Scientists and Engineers. Definitions, Theorems, and Formulas for Reference and Review. Dover Publications, Inc., New York.

[4]   Synge, J.L. (1960) Classical Dynamics. Encyclopedia of Physics (Handbuch der Physik). Vol. III/1, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Gottingen, Heidelberg.

[5]   Pohl, R.W. (1964) Mechanik, Akustik und Warmelehre. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Gottingen, Heidelberg, New York.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-25338-0

[6]   Humphreys, C.J. (1953) The Sixth Series in the Spectrum of Atomic Hydrogen. Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, 50, 2380.

 
 
Top