ABSTRACT The relation between individual and society is very close. Essentially, “society” is the regularities, customs and ground rules of antihuman behavior. These practices are tremendously important to know how humans act and interact with each other. Society does not exist independently without individual. The individual lives and acts within society but society is nothing, in spite of the combination of individuals for cooperative effort. On the other hand, society exists to serve individuals—not the other way around. Human life and society almost go together. Man is biologically and psychologically equipped to live in groups, in society. Society has become an essential condition for human life to arise and to continue. The relationship between individual and society is ultimately one of the profound of all the problems of social philosophy. It is more philosophical rather than sociological because it involves the question of values. Man depends on society. It is in the society that an individual is surrounded and encompassed by culture, as a societal force. It is in the society again that he has to conform to the norms, occupy statuses and become members of groups. The question of the relationship between the individual and the society is the starting point of many discussions. It is closely connected with the question of the relationship of man and society. The relation between the two depends upon one fact that the individual and the society are mutually dependent, one grows with the help of the other. The aim of this paper is to show the questions: how a man is a social animal and how individual and society affect each other?
Cite this paper
Hossain, F. and Ali, M. (2014) Relation between Individual and Society. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2, 130-137. doi: 10.4236/jss.2014.28019.
 MacIver and Page (1965) Society. Macmillan and Company, London, 5-6.
 Green A.W. (1968) Sociology: An Analysis of Life in Modern Society. McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, 1014.
 Horton, P.B. and Hunt, C.L. (1964) Sociology. McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, 67.
 Lenski, G., Nolan, P. and Lenski, J. (1995) Human Societies: An Introduction into Macro Sociology. McGraw-Hill, Boston, 11.
 Maryanski, A. and Turner, J.H. (1992) The Social Cage Human Nature and the Evolution of Society. Stanford University Press, Redwood City, 119.
 Quoted from Ritzer, G. (1993) The Mcdonaldization of Society. Pine Forge Press, Thousand Oaks, 39.
 MacIver and Page (1965) Society, op., cit., 21-23.
 Sanderson, S.K. (1995) Social Transformation. Blackie Press, New York, 110.
 Bottomore, T.B. (1979) Sociology. George Allen & Unwine Ltd., London, 19-27.
 Ibid, 13-17.
 Hubert, L. (1972) A Critique of Artificial Reason. Harpen & Row, New York, 139.
 Hampshire, S. (1972) A New Philosophy of the Just Society. The New York Review of Books & Company, New York, 34-39.
 Giddens, A. (2009) Sociology. 6th Edition, Wiley India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 329-331.
 Abrahamson, M. (1988) Sociological Theory. Prentice Hall Ltd., London, 15-19.
 Quoted from Nagel, T. (1973) Rawls on Justice. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 27.
 Rawls, J. (1958) Justice and Fairness, The Philosophical Review. Penguine Press, New York, 184.
 Ibid., 128.
 Quoted from Nagel, T. (1973) Rawls on Justice, op., cit., 329.
 Giddens, A. (2009) Sociology. 6th Edition, op., cit., 87.
 Abrahamson, M. (1988) Sociological Theory, op., cit., 19.
 Hauser, A. (1982) The Sociology of Art. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 43-46.