Library of Congress, CIA: Ghana Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) (1994) The Library of Congress Country Studies, and the CIA World Factbook. Federal Research Division Library of Congress, Washington DC.
 Ghana AIDS Commission (GAC) (2012) Ghana Country Aids Progress Report Reporting Period January 2010-December 2011. The Ghana AIDS Commission, Accra.
 NACP (2013) The 2012 HIV Sentinel Survey Report. Ghana Health Service, Ministry of Health, Accra.
 Agboh-Noameshie, R., Coulibaly, O., Gbaguidi, B., Allomasso, R., Kormawa, A., Adeoti, R., Kormawa, P. and Adetonah, S. (2007) Impact of HIV/AIDS on Rural Livelihood in West Africa: An Explorative Study in Benin and Ghana. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Cotonou.
 Parker, D.C., Jacobsen, K.H. and Komwa, M.K. (2009) A Qualitative Study of the Impact of HIV/AIDS on Agricultural Households in Southeastern Uganda. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 6, 2113-2138. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph6082113
 Hosegood, V. (2009) The Demographic Impact of HIV and AIDS across the Family and Household Life-Cycle: Implications for Efforts to Strengthen Families in Sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS Care, 21, 13-21.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540120902923063
 Thurlow, J., Gow, J. and George, G. (2009) HIV/AIDS, Growth and Poverty in KwaZulu-Natal and South Africa: An Integrated Survey, Demographic and Economy-Wide Analysis. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 12, 18.http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652-12-18
 Reeves, P.M., Merriam, S.B. and Courtenay, B.C. (1999) Adaptation to HIV Infection: The Development of Coping Strategies over Time. Qualitative Health Research, 9, 344-361. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/104973299129121901
 Piot, P., Greener, R. and Russell, S. (2007) Squaring the Circle: AIDS, Poverty, and Human Development. PLoS Medicine, 4, 1571-1575. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0040314
 Tsai, A.C., Hung, K.J. and Weiser, S.D. (2012) Is Food Insecurity Associated with HIV Risk? Cross-Sectional Evidence from Sexually Active Women in Brazil. PLoS Medicine, 9, Article ID: e1001203.http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001203
 Garcia, J., Hromi-Fiedler, A., Mazur, R.E., Marquis, G., Sellen, D., Lartey, A. and Pérez-Escamilla, R. (2013) Persistent Household Food Insecurity, HIV, and Maternal Stress in Peri-Urban Ghana. BMC Public Health, 13, 215.http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-215
 Gillespie, S. and Kadiyala, S. (2005) HIV/AIDS and Food and Nutrition Security: From Evidence to Action. International Food Policy Institute, Washington DC.
 WFP (2009) Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA). WFP, Accra.
 Laar, A.K., Manu, A., Fiaveh, D. and Laar, M.E. (2012) Vulnerability to Food Insecurity and Negative Coping Strategies of HIV-Affected Households in Ghana. The 24th congress of the Nutrition Society of South Africa and the 5th African Nutrition Epidemiology Conference University of Free State, Bloemfontein, 30 September-4 October 2012, Book of Abstract, 53.
 GSS (2009) GHS, Macro-International: Ghana Health Service (GHS), & ICF Macro. Ghana Demographic and Health Survey 2008. GSS, Accra.
 Reniers, G. and Armbruster, B. (2012) HIV Status Awareness, Partnership Dissolution and HIV Transmission in Generalized Epidemics. PLoS One, 7, Article ID: e50669. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050669
 Kaiser, R., Bunnell, R., Hightower, A., Kim, A.A., Cherutich, P., Mwangi, M., Oluoch, T., Dadabhai, S., Mureithi, P., Mugo, N. and Mermin, J. (2011) Factors Associated with HIV Infection in Married or Cohabitating Couples in Kenya: Results from a Nationally Representative Study. PLoS One, 6, Article ID: e17842.http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0017842
 Porter, L., Hao, L., Bishai, D., Serwadda, D., Wawer, M.J., Lutalo, T. and Gray, R. (2004) HIV Status and Union Dissolution in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Rakai, Uganda. Demography, 41, 465-482.http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/dem.2004.0025
 Madhavan, S., Schatz, E. and Clark, B. (2009) Effect of HIV/AIDS-Related Mortality on Household Dependency Ratios in Rural South Africa, 2000-2005. Population Studies: A Journal of Demography, 63, 37-51.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00324720802592784
 Mishra, V., Assche, S.B.-V., Greener, R., Vaessen, M., Hong, R., Ghys, P.D., Boerma, J.T., Van Assche, A., Khan, S. and Rutstein, S. (2007) HIV Infection Does Not Disproportionately Affect the Poorer in Sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS, 21, S17-S28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.aids.0000300532.51860.2a
 Fox, A.M. (2010) The Social Determinants of HIV Serostatus in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Inverse Relationship between Poverty and HIV? Public Health Reports, 125, 16-24.
 Kadiyala, S. and Rawat, R. (2013) Food Access and Diet Quality Independently Predict Nutritional Status among People Living with HIV in Uganda. Public Health Nutrition, 16, 164-170.http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898001200050X
 Samuels, F.A. and Rutenberg, N. (2011) Health Regains but Livelihoods Lag: Findings from a Study with People on ART in Zambia and Kenya. AIDS Care, 23, 748-754. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2010.532535
 Sikkema, K.J., Kalichman, S.C., Hoffmann, R., Koob, J.J., Kelly, J.A. and Heckman, T.G. (2000) Coping Strategies and Emotional Wellbeing among HIV-Infected Men and Women Experiencing AIDS-Related Bereavement. AIDS Care, 12, 613-624. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/095401200750003798
 Lesar, S. and Maldonado, Y.A. (1996) Parental Coping Strategies in Families of HIV-Infected Children. Journal of Child Health Care, 25, 19-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15326888chc2501_3