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 WJCMP  Vol.4 No.3 , August 2014
Microwave Design and Performance of PTB 10 V Circuits for the Programmable Josephson Voltage Standard
Abstract: At Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), superconducting 10 V circuits for the programmable Josephson voltage standard (PJVS) are routinely manufactured on the basis of NbxSi1-x barrier junctions. This paper describes in detail the basic design principles for an operating frequency of 70 GHz. It starts with single junctions, discusses their insertion into microstriplines and closes with the whole microwave circuit containing 69,632 NbxSi1-x barrier junctions arranged over 128 microstriplines connected in parallel. The microwave attenuation of this junction type is a key parameter for the 10 V design and we report its experimental determination. Special attention has been devoted to subarrays with just a few Josephson junctions in one of the outermost striplines. The arrangement of these subarrays determines the optimum performance of the complete 10 V series array. The high performance of programmable 10 V circuits fabricated at PTB is characterized by measured operating margins in all subarrays of more than 1 mA centered at the same dc bias current. The observed modulation of the current margins, when changing the frequency around 70 GHz, is explained by microwave reflections caused by the rf waveguide inside the cryoprobe. We determine the current margins in dependence of the output power of a microwave synthesizer and show that 60 mW is sufficient to achieve current margins larger than 1 mA.
Cite this paper: Müller, F. , Scheller, T. , Lee, J. , Behr, R. , Palafox, L. , Schubert, M. and Kohlmann, J. (2014) Microwave Design and Performance of PTB 10 V Circuits for the Programmable Josephson Voltage Standard. World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics, 4, 107-122. doi: 10.4236/wjcmp.2014.43016.
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