Back
 JPEE  Vol.2 No.8 , August 2014
Effects of Energy Production and Consumption on Air Pollution and Global Warming
Abstract: In this study, different fuel combinations that can be adopted to reduce the level of air pollution and GHG emissions associated with the energy generation are assessed; and the air pollution and global warming effects of the Jamaican electricity generation fuel mix are determined. Based on the energy production and consumption patterns, and global warming potentials; the authors conclude that: Increase in energy consumption and generation yields increase in emissions of major air pollutants and GHGs; Choice of the fuel mix determines the success of GHG emissions reductions; and there is no single fuel that is not associated with GHG or other air pollution or environmental degradation implications.
Cite this paper: Kgabi, N. , Grant, C. and Antoine, J. (2014) Effects of Energy Production and Consumption on Air Pollution and Global Warming. Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, 2, 25-30. doi: 10.4236/jpee.2014.28003.
References

[1]   Holdren, J.P. and Smith, K.R. (2000) Energy, the Environment, and Health. In: World Energy Assessment: Energy and the Challenge of Sustainability, 63-110.

[2]   IPCC (2006) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.
http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/index.html

[3]   Office of Utilities Regulation (OUR) (2012) Sulphur Content of Fuel Oil Used for Power Generation.
www.cwjamaica.com/-office.our

[4]   Jamaica Productivity Centre (2010) Generation and Distribution of Electricity in Jamaica: A Regional Comparison of Performance Indicators.

[5]   United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) (2012) Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/sources/electricity.html

[6]   World Bank (2013) Benchmarking Data of the Electricity Distribution Sector in Latin America & the Caribbean Region 1995-2005. http://info.worldbank.org/etools/lacelectricity/home.htm

[7]   DEFRA (2012) 2012 Guidelines to DEFRA/DECC’s GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting. AEA for the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) and the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).

[8]   United States Energy Information Administration (EIA) (2012). http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp

[9]   Ministry of Energy and Mining (MEM) (2009) Jamaica’s National Energy Policy 2009-2030.

[10]   IPCC (2001) Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

[11]   Friedl, A., et al. (2004) Air Pollution in Dense Low-Income Settlements in South Africa. Royal Danish Embassy, Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, 2008.

[12]   Garcia, A.B. and Martinez-Tarazona, M.R. (1993) Removal of Trace Elements from Spanish Coals by Flotation. Fuel, 72, 329-335. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0016-2361(93)90050-C

 
 
Top