was carried out to evaluate six different hydrophytes which were tested
associated by twos: 1) Lemna gibba and Ceratophyllum demersum, 2) Berula erecta and Lemna gibba, 3) Polygonum
punctatum and Hydrocotyle
ranunculoides, and 4) Polygonum
punctatum and Azolla filiculoides,
for the purpose of removing nitrate from the water of Reyes Aztecas Lake, which
is located southeast of Mexico City in Tláhuac District, Mexico D.F. The
average of removal efficiency was obtained in relation to the different
hydrophytes associations based on five sampling stations. The statistical
analysis revealed that there were no significant differences among hydrophytes,
all show remarkable ability to remove nitrate in water.
Cite this paper
Miranda, M. , Galvan, A. and Romero, L. (2014) Nitrate Removal Efficiency with Hydrophytes of Los Reyes Aztecas Lake Water, México. Journal of Water Resource and Protection
, 945-950. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.611089
 Ortiz, D. and Ortega, M. (2007) Origin and Evolution of a New Lake in the Plain of Chalco: Hazard Implications Subsidence and Flooding of Urban Areas in Valle de Chalco (Mexico State) and Tlahuac (Federal District). Geographical Research Bulletin of the Institute of Geography, 64, 26-42.
 Garcia, M., Garcia, M. and Canas, R. (1994) Nitrates, Nitrites and N-Nitroso Compounds. Editor Pan American Center for Human Ecology and Health, Division of Health and Environment, Mexico, 21-25.
 Ortiz, J.L. (1991) Quantitative Relationships between Nutrient Input and Eutrophication. Memory of the Days Eutrophication and Biological Indicators. CEDEX, Madrid, 155-182.
 Lot, A., Novelo, A. and Esperanza, E. (2004) Iconography and Studies of Aquatic Plants in Mexico City and Surroundings. Biology Institute, UNAM, Mexico D.F., 9-16.
 Florez, A. (1994) Removal of Pollutants from Wastewater with Aquatic Macrophytes. Dugandia, 5, 25-32.
 Gersberg, R.M., Elkins, B.V., Lyon, S.R. and Goldman, C. (1986) Role of Aquatic Plants in Wastewater Treatment by Artificial Wetlands. Water Research, 20, 363-368. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(86)90085-0
 Brix, H. and Schierup, H. (1989) The Use of Aquatic Macrophytes in Water-Pollution Control. Ambio, 18, 100-107.
 Ellis, J., Shutes, R., Revitt, D. and Zhang, T. (1994) Use of Macrophytes for Pollution Treatment in Urban Wetlands. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 11, 1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0921-3449(94)90074-4
 Peterson, S. and Teal, J. (1996) The Role of Plants in Ecologically Engineered Wastewater Treatment Systems. Ecological Engineering, 6, 137-148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0925-8574(95)00055-0
 Kara, Y. (2004) Bioaccumulation of Copper from Contaminated Wastewater by Using Lemna minor. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 72, 467-471. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00128-004-0269-4
 Romero, L., Ramirez, F., Alvarez, C. and Miranda, M.G. (2011) Using Hydrophytes and an Anaerobic System to Treat Wastewater Trail. Polibotanica, 31, 157-167.
 Leon, M. and Lucero, A. (2009) Study Eichhornia crassipes, Lemna gibba and Azolla filiculoides in the Biological Treatment of Domestic Sewage in a Community and Single-Family System Catacachi Canton. Professional Thesis, Technical University of the North, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Environmental Science, Ibarra, 141-142.
 Pedraza, G. (1994) Recycling Animal Effluent with Three Species of Aquatic Plants. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 6, 1-7.
 Campanella, M.V., Hadad, H., Maine, M.A. and Markariani, R. (2005) Effects of Sewage Effluent Phosphorus on the Internal and External Morphology of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms) in a Wetland. Limnetica, 24, 263-272.
 Núnez, M., Cardenas, F., Cardenas de Flores, C., Ramirez, H., Rincon S. and Morales, E. (2007) Nitrogen Removal in Wastewater through Plant Typha dominguensis and Lemna sp. AIDIS Engineering and Environmental Sciences and Research, Development and Practice, 1, 198-204.
 Martinez, B. (2008) Tlahuac Freedom and Wisdom 12 Years Wreath Polar. Electronic Journal of American Culture in Canada. http://lgpolar.com/page/read/534
 Ramos Bello, R., Cajuste, J.L., Flores-Roman, D. and Garcia Calderon, E.N. (2001) Heavy Metals, Salts and Sodium in Chinampa Soils, Mexico. Agrociencia, 35, 385-394.
 Cataldo, D., Maroon, M., Schrader, L. and Young, V. (1975) Rapid Colorimetric Determination of Nitrate in Plant Tissue by Nitration of Salicylic Acid. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 6, 71-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00103627509366547