IJCNS  Vol.7 No.8 , August 2014
Accident Prevention and Reporting System Using GSM (SIM 900D) and GPS (NMEA 0183)
Abstract: The Rapid growth of technology has made our life easier. This advancement in technology also increased the traffic hazards. Hence the ratio of road accidents which take place frequently increases causing immense loss of life due to poor emergency facilities. Main causes behind these road accidents include: lack of training institutes, unskilled drivers, poor road conditions, use of cell phone during driving, over loading and poor governmental plans in this regard. Our research provides a solution for accident detection and prevention for human life safety. It enables intelligent detection of an accident at any place and reports about the accident on predefined numbers. Our system consists of two parts, alarming part and messaging part. The hardware includes SONAR ranging modules, vibration sensor, three modules GPS receiver (NMEA), Microcontroller (AT89S51), GSM modem (SIM 900D) and an Alarm. When distance is too short between the vehicle and obstacle then alarm will be “ON” as an indicator to move vehicle in other direction which is safer but when a vehicle faces accident despite of alarm, immediately vibration sensor will detect the signal and then Microcontroller sends the alert message through the GSM modem including the location to predefined numbers that can be reserved for a rescue team. Our designed system has been tested at different locations and found to be effectively working by sending alert messages to mobile phone user.
Cite this paper: Nazir, R. , Tariq, A. , Murawwat, S. and Rabbani, S. (2014) Accident Prevention and Reporting System Using GSM (SIM 900D) and GPS (NMEA 0183). International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, 7, 286-293. doi: 10.4236/ijcns.2014.78031.

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