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 NR  Vol.5 No.9 , July 2014
Gold and Silver Minerals and Conditions of Their Formation at the Dorozhnoye Deposit (Magadan Region, Russia)
Abstract:
This paper presents the brief geological and mineralogical characteristics of the Dorozhnoye mesothermal gold ore deposit (Magadan Region, Russia). The gold and silver minerals are represented by electrum (530‰ - 700‰), freibergite, stephanite, pyrargyrite and Bi-diaphorite. The homogeneous fluid inclusions enable one to determine that the quartz-molybdenite veins were formed at a temperature of 340°C to 140°C, and that the quartz-sulfide gold ore veins were formed at a temperature of 165°C to 125°C. It is assumed that the fluid had a mixed composition and evolved from K-chloride and K-carbonate to Na-chloride. The hypergenesis zone contains: high fineness gold (800‰ - 950‰), petrovskaite (AgAuS) and uytenbogaardtite (Ag3AuS2) associated with goethite and melanterite. The surface waters contain: Ca++ up to 293 mg/L, HCO3 up to 125 mg/L, SO4 up to 777 mg/L; рН is 5.8 to 7.2. Thermodynamic calculations have been conducted and Eh-pH diagrams have been built for the Au-Ag-S-H2O system at 25°C and 100°C (p = 1 bar) to reveal gold and silver stability fields. Au-Ag sulfides at the Dorozhnoye deposit are formed under oxidizing conditions and an acidic environment with dominating sulfates.
Cite this paper: Savva, N. , Palyanova, G. and Kolova, Е. (2014) Gold and Silver Minerals and Conditions of Their Formation at the Dorozhnoye Deposit (Magadan Region, Russia). Natural Resources, 5, 478-495. doi: 10.4236/nr.2014.59044.
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