AJPS  Vol.5 No.16 , July 2014
Gas Exchange and Growth of Medicinal Plant Subjected to Salinity and Application of Biofertilizers
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of biofertilizers and saline waters on gas exchange and growth of medicinal plant Plectrantus amboinicus. The experiment was conducted in the period February to May 2013 in a greenhouse. The experimental design was completely randomized in a 2 × 4 factorial arrangement, with two levels of salinity of irrigation water (ECw: 0.7 and 3.1 dS m-1) and four levels of bovine liquid biofertilizer applied to the soil, corresponding to 0%, 10%, 20% and 30% of the soil volume, with five replications. The experiment lasted 60 days, counted from the beginning of the treatments. The stomatal conductance (gs), photosynthesis (A), transpiration (E), intrinsic water use efficiency (WUEi) were performed at the end of the experiment, and the height, number of leaves and stem diameter at the beginning and at the end. Generally plants subjected to salinity of irrigation water of 3.1 dS m-1 had the lowest values of gas exchange. Moreover, the application of biofertilizers and the interaction between this and salinity did not affect any growth variable studied except the stem length in the final phase which was influenced by salinity at 5% probability by F test. The average values of this variable were 57.22 cm and 69.65 cm when applied water ECw: 0.7 to 3.1 dS m-1, respectively. The application of biofertilizers can reduce the effect of salinity on the final plant height of Plectrantus amboinicus, especially when the plants were fertilized with a dose of 20% of biofertilizers.
Cite this paper: da Silva Mesquita, S. , da Silva, J. , da Costa, R. , dos Santos, M. , Lacerda, C. , Amorim, A. and Esmeraldo Bezerra, A. (2014) Gas Exchange and Growth of Medicinal Plant Subjected to Salinity and Application of Biofertilizers. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 2520-2527. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.516266.

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