JWARP  Vol.6 No.10 , July 2014
Use of Kostiakov’s Infiltration Model on Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike Soils, Southeastern, Nigeria
Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to obtain the water infiltration parameters of the soils of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike. This could be used in simulating infiltration for these soils when designing irrigation projects, thereby saving time and cost of field measurement. Field measurements of infiltration were first made using a double ring infiltrometer. The test lasted for 180 mins in each location. Infiltration values ranged from 0.03 cm/min to 0.1 cm/min. The highest value was obtained in the Forest Block. Kostiakov’s infiltration model was then applied on the field data in order to determine the soils’ infiltration parameters and equations. The model empirical constants or parameters obtained were “m” and “n”. For “m” the values were: 0.53 for the soil of Forest Block, 0.42 for Poultry block, 0.50 for P.G. block, 0.41 for the soils of Staff School and Guest House. The corresponding “n” values were: 1.37, 1.12, 0.37, 1.79, and 1.38. Infiltration equations: 0.4It1.38, 0.4lt1.79, 0.42t1.12, and 0.53t1.37 were determined for the locations. These were used to simulate data which were evaluated by comparing them with the field data. The two data sets showed closed relationships. This implied that the model could be used to simulate water infiltration during irrigation projects in the farms of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike.
Cite this paper: Igboekwe, M. and Adindu, R. (2014) Use of Kostiakov’s Infiltration Model on Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike Soils, Southeastern, Nigeria. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 6, 888-894. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.610083.

[1]   Mudiare, O.J. and Adewunmi, J.K. (2000) Estimation of Infiltration from Field-Measured Sorptivity Values. Nigeria Journal of soil science Research, 1, 1-3.

[2]   Igbadun, H.E. and Idris, U.D. (2007) Performance Evaluation of Infiltration Model in a Hydromorphic Oil. Nigerian Journal of Soil and Environmental Research, 7, 53-59.

[3]   Kostiakov, A.N (1932) The Dynamics of the Coefficient of Water Percolation in Soils and the Necessity for Studying It from a Dynamic Point of View for Purpose of Amelioration. Society of Soil Science, 14, 17-21.

[4]   Rao, M.D., Raghuwanshi, N.S. and Singh, R. (2006) Development of a Physically ID-Infiltration Model for Irrigated Soils. Agricultural Water Management, 85, 165-174.

[5]   Mishra, S. and Singh, V. (2003) Soil Conservation Service Curve Number (SCS-CN) Methodology. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

[6]   Mishra, S., Tyangi, J. and Singh, V. (2003) comparison of Infiltration Models. Journal of Hydrological Processes, 17, 2629-2652.

[7]   Moroke, T.S., Dikinya, O. and Patrick, C. (2008) Comparative Assessment of Water Infiltration of Soils under different Tillage System in Eastern Botswana. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 34, 316-323.

[8]   John, J.M. and Nosa, A.E. (2009) Soil Grouping of the Federal University of Technology, Minna, Main Campus farm Using Infiltration Rate. AU Journal of Technology, 13, 19-28.

[9]   Parlange, J.R. (1973) Note on Infiltration Advance Front form Forder Irrigation. Water Resources Research, 9, 1075-1078.

[10]   Mbagwu, J.S.C. (1995) Testing the Goodness of Fit of Infiltration Models for Highly Permeable Soils under Different Tropical Soil Management System. Soil and Tillage Research, 34, 199-205.

[11]   Philip, J. (1957) Theory of Infiltration: The Infiltration Equation and Its Solution. Soil Science, 83, 345-357.

[12]   Singh, V.P. and Yu, F.X. (1990) Derivation of Infiltration Equation Using Systems Approach. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 116, 837-858.

[13]   Smith, R. (1972) The Infiltration Envelope; Results from a Theoretical Infiltrometer. Journal of Hydrology, 17, 1-21.

[14]   Smith, R. and Parlange, J. (1978) A Parameter-Efficient Hydrologic Infiltration Model. Water Resources Research, 14, 533-538.

[15]   Musa, J.J. and Adeoye, P.A. (2010) Adaptability of Infiltration Equations to the Soils of the Permanent Site Farm of the Federal University of Technology, Minna, in the Guinea Savannah Zone of Nigeria. AU Journal of Technology, 14, 147-155.

[16]   Abubakar, R. and Motaileb, B. (2012) The Evaluation and Determination of Soil Infiltration Model Coefficient. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 6, 94-98.

[17]   Haghighi, F., Gorji, M., Shorafa, M. and Sarmadian, F. (2010) Evaluation of Some Infiltration Models and Hydraulic Parameters. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 8, 210-216.

[18]   Nash, J.E. and Sutcliffe, J.V. (1970) River Flow Forecasting through Conceptual Models, Part I—A Discussion of Principles. Journal of Hydrology, 10, 282-290.