Introduction: Children safety car devices decrease injuries and death in children. A survey conducted in Brazil in 2009 revealed that only 36.1% of children safely transported. In 2010, a Brazilian law was implemented, obligating the use of safety devices. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of such devices after the law and the eventual reasons for non-use. Methods: A significant sample of Brazilian population aged 18 years or more, which normally carry children until 10 years old answered a survey between August 16 and 25, 2012. The study was conducted in two phases. The first one aimed to raise the proportion and profile of the target population, while the second investigated the children car safety device use (or not). Results: 622 interviews. Children’s transporters are young males (57%), living in a metropolitan area in the South region, concerned about safety and law supervision, with greater education level and income than non-transporters (31%) who are male with lack of information, living in a non-metropolitan area of the Northeast region that would be motivated to use the device by effective law fiscalization or threat of an accident. Conclusion: Two years after the law it is observed that education, income, age, gender and region of origin influence the use/non-use of the safety seats in Brazil. The accident threat and fiscalization are the main reasons for using the device, showing that the lack of information impairs the democratization of its use and the prevention culture has to be enhanced in the country.
 Crianca Segura—Safe Kids Brazil (2013) Accessed on 17/08/2013.
 De Campos Vieira Abib, S. (2013) Pediatric Non Intentional Injuries: Prospective Study in Five Hospitals of Sao Paulo City, Brazil—Social, Educational Factors, Severity and Prevention—Sao Paulo 2013. Full Professor Thesis Presented at the Federal University of Sao Paulo—Paulista School of Medicine.
 Arbogast, K.B., Jermakian, J.S., Kallan, M.J. and Durbin, D.R. (2009) Effectiveness of Belt Positioning Booster Seats: an Updated Assessment. Pediatrics, 124, 1281-1286
 Zaloshnja, E., Miller, T.R. and Hendrie, D. (2007) Effectiveness of Child Safety Seats vs. Safety Belts for Children Aged 2 to 3 Years. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 161, 65-68.
 Elliott, M.R., Kallan, M.J., Durbin, D.R. and Winston, F.K. (2006) Effectiveness of Child Safety Seats vs. Seat Belts in Reducing Risk for Death in Children in Passenger Vehicle Crashes. Archives of pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 160, 617-621.
 Durbin, D.R., Elliott, M.R. and Winston, F.K. (2003) Belt-Positioning Booster Seats and Reduction in Risk of Injury among Children in Vehicle Crashes. JAMA: The journal of the American Medical Association, 289, 2835-2840.
 Durbin, D.R., Chen, I., Smith, R., Elliott, M.R. and Winston, F.K. (2005) Effects of Seating Position and Appropriate Restraint Use on the Risk of Injury to Children in Motor Vehicle Crashes. Pediatrics, 115, e305-e309.
 Devolin, M., Phelps, D., Duhaney, T., Benzies, K., Hildebrandt, C., Rikhy, S. and Churchill, J. (2013) Information and Support Needs among Parents of Young Children in a Region of Canada: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Public Health Nursing, 30, 193-201.
 Oliveira, S.R., Carvalho, M.D., Santana, R.G., Camargo, G.C., Lüders, L. and Franzin, S. (2009) Child Safety Restraint Use among Children Attending Day Care Centers. Revista de Saúde Pública, 43, 761-767.
 Abib, S.C.V., Francoia, A., O’Reilly, L., NGO Crianca Segura—Safe Kids Brazil 2010 (2010) Accidents Involving Children: Perception and Behavior of Brazilian Mothers. Accessed on 2/7/13.
 Margolis, L.H., Bracken, J. and Stewart, J.R. (1996) Effects of North Carolina’s Mandatory Safety Belt Law on Children. Injury Prevention, 2, 32-35.
 National Traffic Council (CONTRAN) (2013) Provides for the Transportation of Children under 10 and Use of Restraint Device for Transporting Children in Vehicles. Resolution No. 277 of May 28, 2008, Accessed: 08/06/2013.
 Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) (2013) Accessed on 08/06/2013.
 ABEP—Brazilian Association of Research Companies (2012) Accessed on 15/08/2013.
 The Brazilian Institute of Public Opinion and Statistics (IBOPE) (2013) Data Based on 2011 Socioeconomic Survey. Accessed on 21/06/2013.
 Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) (2013) Accessed in 12/06/2013.
 Garcia, L.P., Freitas, L.R.S. and Duarte, E.C. (2012) Preliminary Impact Evaluation of Mandatory Restraining on Child Deaths by Car Accidents in Brazil: A Time-Series Study (2005-2011). Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia (English Edition), 21, 367-374.
 Purc-Stephenson, R.J., Ren, J. and Snowdon, A.W. (2010) An Exploratory Study of Parents’ Use and Knowledge of car Safety Seats in Beijing, China. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 17, 231-238.
 Snowdon, A., Rothman, L., Slater, M., Kolga, C., Hussein, A., Boase, P. and Howard, A. (2009) A Comparison of Booster Seat Use in Canadian Provinces with and without Legislation. Injury Prevention, 15, 230-233.
 Winston, F.K., Kallan, M.J. and Elliott, M.R. (2007) Effect of Booster Seat Laws on Appropriate Restraint Use by Children 4 to 7 Years Old Involved in Crashes. Archives of Pediatrics Adolescent Medicine, 161, 270-275.
 Agran, P.F., Anderson, C.L. and Winn, DG. (2004) Violators of a Child Passenger Safety Law. Pediatric, 114, 109-115.
 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) (2013) Accessed on 14/06/2013.
 Galeano, P. (2011) Education in Territories of High Social Vulnerability in the Metropolis. Centre for Studies and Research in Education, Culture and Community Action (CENPEC). Accessed on 11/01/2013.
 Macy, M.L. and Freed, G.L. (2012) Child Passenger Safety Practices in the U.S. Disparities in Light of Updated Recommendations. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 43, 272-281.
 Simniceanu, A., Richmond, S.A., Snowdon, A., Hussein, A., Boase, P. and Howard, A. (2013) Child Restraint Use in Canadian Provinces with and without Legislation in 2010. Traffic Injury Prevention, 15, 734-737.
 Apsler, R., Formica, S.W., Rosenthal, A.F. and Robinson, K. (2003) Increases in Booster Seat Use among Children of Low Income Families and Variation with Age. Injury Prevention, 9, 322-325.
 Ehiri, J.E., Ejere, H.O.D., Hazen, A.E., Emusu, D., King, W.D. and Osberg, S.J. (2006) Interventions to Increase Children’s Booster Seat Use a Review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 31, 185-192.
 Pan, S., Du, W., Jiang, F., Bilston, L.E., Brown, J. and Shen, X. (2012) Exploring Child Car passenger Safety Practices in China: Experience from a Parental Survey in Shanghai. Injury Prevention, 18, 133-137.