Health  Vol.6 No.14 , July 2014
The Correlation between Social Anxiety and Loneliness of Left-Behind Children in Rural China: Effect of Coping Style
Abstract: In this study, the relationship between social anxiety, coping and loneliness amongst left-behind children was investigated. The participants were 773 left-behind children recruited from 8 junior middle schools in rural areas of Zhejiang Province in China who completed the Social Anxiety Scale for Children, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire and Children’s Loneliness Scale. Results show that there was a moderate correlation between social anxiety and loneliness, and these variables had a significant negative relationship with positive coping and a significant positive relationship with negative coping . Furthermore, the left-behind children’s social anxiety, coping and loneliness were different within specific demographic groups, such as gender, only child status and different type of parental work. Also negative coping moderated the association between loneliness and social anxiety, so that children who were more likely to use negative coping strategies showed a stronger relationship between social anxiety and loneliness. Finally, the left-behind children’s social anxiety not only directly predicted their loneliness, but also had an indirect effect mediated by their copying .
Cite this paper: Liao, C. , Liu, Q. and Zhang, J. (2014) The Correlation between Social Anxiety and Loneliness of Left-Behind Children in Rural China: Effect of Coping Style. Health, 6, 1714-1723. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.614204.

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