The indigenous population of the North can efficiently preserve health and vital activity, and reproduce new generations under extreme climatic and geographic conditions due to peculiar way of life, mental features, rituals, regimes of work and rest, social and cultural traditions. Of great importance are also the clothes which are favorable for keeping heat and self-cleaning, some psycho-therapeutic factors (rituals of shamanism), animal food and vegetables. The phenotype of the adaptation reserves of an organism, northern type of metabolism, dominance of the right brain hemisphere play a great role, so does the adaptation of national mentality to the harmony of inner human state with the extreme environmental conditions of high latitudes.
Cite this paper
Hasnulin, V. , Voytik, I. , Hasnulina, A. , Ryabichenko, T. and Skosyreva, G. (2014) Some Ethnic Features of Northern Aborigines’ Psychophysiology as a Base for Survival in Extreme Natural Conditions: A Review. Open Journal of Medical Psychology, 3, 292-300. doi: 10.4236/ojmp.2014.34030.
 Bromley, Yu.V. (1983) Essays on the Ethnic Theory. Science, Moscow.
 Gumilev, L.N. (1993) Ethnogenesis and the Biosphere of the Earth. Michelle and Co., Moscow.
 Bromley, Yu.V. and Markov, G.E., Eds. (1982) Ethnography. A Primer. Higher School, Moscow.
 Alexeeva, T.I. (1977) The Geographical Environment and Human Biology. Thought, Moscow.
 Alexeeva, T.I. (1986) Adaptive Processes in Human Populations. Moscow State University Press, Moscow.
 Alexeeva, T.I. (1998) Human Adaptation to Different Ecological Niches of the Land. Biological Aspects. MNEPU Publication House, Moscow.
 Agadzhanian, N.A. and Ermakova, N.V. (1997) Portrait of a Man in the North. Circle, Moscow.
 Sukharev, A.V. (1997) An Introduction to the Philosophical and Methodological Foundations and Conceptual Apparatus of Ethnofunctional Approach in Psychology. Ethnic Psychology and Society, IEA RAS, Moscow, 417-429.
 Sukharev, A.V. (1995) The Role of Ethnic Conditions in Violation of Mental Adaptation and Reproduction. Ethnodemographic Features of Reproduction of the Peoples of the Russian North. IEA RAS, Moscow, 233-254.
 Sukharev, A.V. (1998) Ethnofunctional Approach in Psychology. Methods of Experimental Psychological Field Research. Appl Psychol Psychoanal, 3, 18-30.
 Hasnulin, V.I., Wilhelm, V.D., Skosyreva, G.A. and Povoroznyuk, E.P. (1999) Modern View of the Traditional Medicine of the North. SB RAMS, Novosibirsk.
 Hasnulin, V.I., Wilhelm, V.D., Zyryanov, B.N., Selyatitskaya, V.G., Kulikov, V.Yu., Hasnulin, P.V. and Egorova, G.M. (2004) Medical and Ecological Bases of Formation, Treatment and Prevention of Diseases in the Indigenous Population of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Region. A Handbook for Physicians, SB RAMS, Novosibirsk.
 Hasnulin, V.I. and Hasnulina, A.V. (2013) Stress in the North. Mechanisms of Resistance to Emotional Stress. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publication.
 Kaznacheev, V.P. (1980) Modern Aspects of Adaptation. Science, Novosibirsk.
 Anthny, R. (2013) Animistic Pragmatism and Native Ways of Knowing: Adaptive Strategies for Overcoming the Struggle for Food in the Sub-Arctic. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 72, 811-817.
 Hasnulin, V.I., Leutin, V.P., Chuhrova, M.G. and Gafarov, V.V. (2009) Ethnocultural Factors of Mental Adaptation of the Natives of Siberia and the North in Modern Conditions. World of Science, Culture, Education, 6, 248-254.
 Hasnulin, V.I., Filipchenko, R.E. and Hasnulina, A.V. (1987) Polar Metabolic Type and Approaches to Correction of Disadaptation and Pathological Changes in the Far North by Means of Food. In: Food as a Basis for Primary Prevention of Diseases in the North, SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, 42-49.
 Duffy, L., Gerlach, C., Ebbesson, S., Young, K., Dewailly, E., Byerregard, P., Dunlap, K., Goddahn, A. and Reynolds, A. (2013) Arctic Medical Health, Disease and Nutrition: The Challenges and Joys. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 72, 841.
 Ebbesson, S., Higgins, P., Voruganti, S., Devereux, R., Fabsitz, P., Howard, B., Umans, J. and Comuzzie, A. (2013) Saturated Fatty Acids Are Associated with CVD Risk Factors: The Gocadan Study. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 72, 353-354.
 Panin, L.E. (1983) Biochemical Mechanisms of Stress. Science, Novosibirsk.
 Panin, L.E., Berezovikov, P.D. and Andronova, T.I. (1983) Clarification of the Physiological Norms for Nutrients and Energy for Different Climatic Zones of the East of the USSR. Medical and Biological Aspects of the Food Program in the East of the USSR, SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, 3-53.
 Hasnulin, V.I. (2009) Health, Northern Type of Metabolism and a Need for Fish in the Diet in the North. Problems of Health Preservation in the North and Siberia. Proceedings on Medical Anthropology, News Press, JSC, Moscow, 58-77.
 Cardel, M., Lemas, D.J. and Fernanandez, J.R. (2013) Greater Consumption of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Are Related to Increased Lean Mass and Decreased Visceral Adiposity in a Multi-Ethnic Sample of Children. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 72, 837-838.
 Panin, L.E., Berezovikov, P.D. and Andronova, T.I. (1987) Normal Human Needs for Nutrients and Energy for the Regions of Siberia and North Asia. Food as a Basis for Primary Prevention of Diseases in the North, SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, 29-42.
 Panin, L.E. (2005) Stress, Heart and Blood Vessels. Questions of Atherogenesis, SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, 20-35.
 Khaltaev, N.G., Klochkova, E.V. and Tikhonov, A.V. (1984) Nutrition and Risk Factors of Coronary Heart Disease in Men of the Chukotka Autonomous Region. Cardiology, 4, 62-67.
 Vloschinsky, P.E. (1999) Status of Carbohydrate and Fat Metabolism, and Its Relationship with the Structure of Nutrition among the Residents of the Far North. Synopsis of Thesis for a Doctor’s Degree, Novosibirsk.
 Vloschinsky, P.E., Panin, L.E. and Kolosova, N.E. (1994) The Effect of Nutrition on Biochemical Indicators of Blood in the Asian Population of the North. Journal of Medical Sciences, 2, 21-24.
 Boyko, E.R. (1990) Metabolic Features of the Representatives of the National Minorities of the North. Synopsis of Thesis for a Candidate’s Degree, Tashkent.
 Boyko, E.R. (2005) Physiological and Biochemical Basis of Human Life in the North. Ural Branch RAS, Ekaterinburg.
 Boyko, E.R. and Ramenskaya, E.B. (1990) The Influence of Lifestyle on Endocrine and Metabolic Profile of the Representatives of the Indigenous Peoples of the North. In: Socio-Economic Development and the Health of Indigenous Peoples of the North, Abstr., Krasnoyarsk, 20-21.
 Kozlov, A.I. (2002) Ecology of Nutrition. A Course of Lectures. MNEPU Publishing House, Moscow.
 Kozlov, A.I., Borinskaya, S.A., Sokolova, M.I. and Zdor, E.V. (2006) Intake of Dietary Sugars and Carbohydrates in the Metabolism of the Indigenous Population of the North. The 13th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Materials, Novosibirsk, 147-148.
 Kozlov, A.I. and Vershubskaya, G.G. (1999) Medical Anthropology of the Indigenous Population of the North of Russia. MNEPU Publishing House, Moscow.
 Khamnagadaev, I.I. (1991) Nutrition of the Indigenous Population of Yakutia. Actual Problems of Cardiology in the North and Siberia, Abstr., Krasnoyarsk, 131-132.
 Hasnulin, V.I., Stepanov, Y.M. and Shestakov, V.I. (1983) Functional Asymmetry and Human Adaptation in the Far North. Bull SB AMS USSR, 2, 27-30.
 (1994) Medical and Environmental Aspects of the Adaptation of the Inhabitants of the Tropics to the Arctic (Based on the Soviet-Indian Experiment). Vol. 1, SB RAMS, Novosibirsk, 2.