therapists work with individuals across the lifespan to promote health and
wellness. “Occupational therapy promotes health and wellbeing through active
involvement in meaningful occupations. By helping clients eliminate barriers,
enhance their self-management skills, improve their performance of daily
activities and adopt healthy habits and routines, occupational therapy unlocks
the door to participation across the lifespan” (AOTA, 2010). In today’s world,
health and wellness-related services are in demand for those aged 65 and older.
As life expectancy rates continue to rise, there is an increase in concern for
the field of occupational therapy to find a successful and efficient way to
meet the needs of the growing number of older adults (National Center for
Health Statistics, 2006). The idea that physical activity can be a beneficial
occupation in the elderly has been examined and proved effective as a means of
enhancing the quality of life in this population. “Although functional
impairments due to the aging process seem to be inevitable, functional
limitations due to an inactive life might be reversed. Indeed, it has been
suggested that physically active life s may contribute to improving or
maintaining health and wellness” (Fletcher, Gulanick, & Braun, 2005). The
purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two different physical
activity programs on individuals aged 65 and older. The variables that were
examined were functional skills (activities of daily living), balance skills,
and overall upper extremity function. This study looked at two forms of
physical activity to determine their individual effects on functional skills,
balance, and overall upper extremity function in this population. The two physical
activity interventions were the Nintendo™ Wii gaming system and a videotaped
Cite this paper
Fain, E. and Kennell, B. (2014) Nintendo® Wii™ and a Physical Activity Routine: Effective Therapeutic Interventions in the Older Adult Population?. Open Journal of Nursing
, 577-582. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2014.48060
 Pigford, T. and Andrews, A. (2010) Feasibility and Benefit of Using the Nintendo Wii Fit for Balance Rehabilitation in an Elderly Patient Experiencing Recurrent Falls. Journal of Student Physical Therapy Research, 2, 12-19.
 Newton, R.A. (2001) Validity of the Multi-Directional Reach Test: A Practical Measure for Limits of Stability in Older Adults. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 56A, M248-M252.
 Sauvage, L.R., Myklebust, B.M., Crow-Pan, J., Novak, S., Millington, P., Hoffman, M.D., Hartz, A.J. and Rudman, D. (1992) A Clinical Trial of Strengthening and Aerobic Exercise to improve Gait and Balance in Elderly Male Nursing Home Residents. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 71, 333-342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00002060-199212000-00005
 Fletcher, B.J., Gulanick, M. and Braun, L.T. (2005) Physical Activity and Exercise for Elders with Cardiovascular Disease. Medical-Surgical Nurses, 14, 101-109.
 Heath, J.M. and Stuart, M.R. (2002) Prescribing Exercise for Frail Elders. The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice, 15, 218-228.
 Farrell, D.J. and Murphy, S.L. (2010) Promoting Physical Activity in Older Adults. OT Practice, 15, 8-11.
 Herz, N.B. (2009) The Wii and Occupational Therapy. OT Practice, 14, 19-25.
 Whitney, S.L., Poole, J.L. and Cass, S.P. (1998) A Review of Balance Instruments for Older Adults. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 52, 666-671. http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.52.8.666
 Paschal, K.A., Oswald, A.R., Siegmund, R.W., Siegmund, S.E. and Threlkeld, A.J. (2006) Test-Retest Reliability of the Physical Performance Test for Persons with Parkinson Disease. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, 29, 82-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/00139143-200612000-00001