JBCPR  Vol.2 No.2 , June 2014
The University-City Interface: Plazas and Boulevards
Abstract: It has become an increased challenge for designers to define the boundaries between the university and its surrounding city. The amount of space serving as a nexus between universities and urban areas is gradually increasing. This study defines such intermediate spaces as “the university-city interface”—areas that influence the university’s physical and functional connection to the surrounding city. The research presents comparative case studies of three universities in urban contexts—Harvard University, University of Pennsylvania, and Université Catholique de Louvain— by analyzing plazas and boulevards. These representative open spaces provide interfaces for both the university campuses and their surrounding cities. This paper analyzes design elements from the perspective of campus spatial structure, as well as locations and functions, to develop a comparative checklist for plazas and boulevards. The results offer a set of urban design principles for university plazas and boulevards that could significantly improve the quality of the university-city relationship. While these checklists and principles may vary depending on circumstances, they can be useful starting points for initializing design processes.
Cite this paper: Lee, Y. , Han, G. and Kim, H. (2014) The University-City Interface: Plazas and Boulevards. Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research, 2, 157-165. doi: 10.4236/jbcpr.2014.22014.

[1]   Turner, P.V. (1984) Campus: An American Planning Tradition. MIT Press, Cambridge.

[2]   Dober, R. (1996) Campus Design. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

[3]   Neuman, D. (2003) Building Type Basics for College and University Facilities. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

[4]   Han, G., Kim, H.I., Lee, H. and Kim H. (2006) A Symbiotic Framework for Campus Core and Modern Expansion: A Case of Princeton University Campus, Princeton USA. Architectural Research, 8, 25-36.

[5]   Perry, D. and Wiewel, W. (2005) The Urban University as Urban Developer: Case Studies and Analysis. M.E. Sharpe, Armonk.

[6]   Perry, D. and Wiewel, W. (2008) Global Universities and Urban Development: Case Studies and Analysis. M.E. Sharpe, Armonk.

[7]   Simha, R. (2001) MIT Campus Planning, 1960-2000. The MIT Press, Cambridge.

[8]   Yeo, H. (2006) University’s Role for Neighborhood Reprogramming. Urban Design, 24. Urban Design Institute of Korea, Seoul.

[9]   Wiewel, W. and Broski, D. (1997) University Involvement in the Community: Developing a Partnership Model. A Great Cities Institute Working Paper, University of Illinois at Chicago Great Cities Institute.

[10]   Pearson, J. (2002) University/Community Design Partnerships. Princeton Architectural Press, Princeton.

[11]   Wiewel, W. and Knaap, G-J. (2005) Partnerships for Smart Growth: University-Community Collaboration for Better Public Spaces. M.E. Sharpe, Armonk.

[12]   Han, G., Lee, H. and Kim, H. (2005) The Changing Boundary of University Campus: A Case Study of the University of California at Berkeley. Urban Design, 19. Urban Design Institute of Korea, Korea, Seoul.

[13]   Maurrasse, D.J. (2001) Beyond the Campus: How Colleges and Universities Form Partnerships with Their Communities. Routledge, New York.

[14]   Han, G. (2013) A Case of DongGuk University and Seoul. Journal of Community Design (Tsinghua University, Beijing), 54, 48-57.

[15]   Hoeger, K. (2007) Campus and the City: Urban Design for the Knowledge Society. Gta Verlag, Zurich.