OJCE  Vol.4 No.2 , June 2014
Monitoring Instrumentation in Underground Structures
ABSTRACT

Nowadays underground structures are very important. Based on observations of engineering; properties during geotechnical construction are an integral part of the design of underground structures. This research presents instrumentation as a tool to assist with these measurement observations, determine the need for modifications to loading or support arrangement. Also apart from above construction control, instrumentation is also indispensable for site investigation, design verification and safety of the structure. Instrumentation used in the construction of tunnels and subways can be implemented in three stagesbefore, during operation and during operation are examined. Metro Railway Tunnels are constructed in populated area and have a more comprehensive instrumentation and monitoring program that additionally includes monitoring of ground conditions, underground water levels, tilt and settlement of nearby buildings or other structures of interest in the vicinity of the tunnel alignment. Instrumentation monitoring for metro railway tunnels includes monitoring of the structures under construction together with the ground, buildings and other facilities within the predicted zone of influence. Furthermore, instrumentation and subway tunnels in and around them increase accuracy of the different layers of the earth and excavation of the surrounding structures and make safety and accuracy. This paper presents the features of sophisticated instrumentation available today for geotechnical monitoring. A wide range of sophistic have been described with their applications ted electronic and mechanical instrumentation with different instrumentation schemes used to meet the requirements of different types of structures.


Cite this paper
Maghsoudi, A. and Kalantari, B. (2014) Monitoring Instrumentation in Underground Structures. Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 4, 135-146. doi: 10.4236/ojce.2014.42012.
References
[1]   Millogo, Y., Morel, J.-C., Traoré, K. and Ouedraogo R. (2012) Microstructure, Geotechnical and Mechanical Characteristics of Quicklime-Lateritic Gravels Mixtures Used in Road Construction. Construction and Building Materials, 26, 663-669.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.06.069

[2]   Sikora, Z. and Ossowski, R. (2013) Geotechnical Aspects of Dike Construction Using Soil-Ash Composites. Procedia Engineering, 57, 1029-1035.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.04.130

[3]   Argyroudis, S., Kaynia, A.M. and Pitilakis, K. (2013) Development of Fragility Functions for Geotechnical Constructions: Application to Cantilever Retaining Walls. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 50, 106-116.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2013.02.014

[4]   Cabalar, A.F., Cevik, A. and Gokceoglu, C. (2012) Some Applications of Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) in Geotechnical Engineering. Computers and Geotechnics, 40, 14-33.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compgeo.2011.09.008

[5]   Kolat, C., Ulusay, R. and Suzen, M.L. (2012) Development of Geotechnical Microzonation Model for Yenisehir (Bursa, Turkey) Located at a Seismically Active Region. Engineering Geology, 127, 36-53.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2011.12.014

[6]   Kim, H.-S., Cho, G.-C., Lee, J.Y. and Kim, S.-J. (2013) Geotechnical and Geophysical Properties of Deep Marine Fine-Grained Sediments Recovered during the Second Ulleung Basin Gas Hydrate Expedition, East Sea, Korea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 47, 56-65.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2013.05.009

[7]   Shaaban, F., Ismail, A., Massoud, U., Mesbah, H., Lethy, A. and Abbas, A.M. (2013) Geotechnical Assessment of Ground Conditions around a Tilted Building in Cairo-Egypt Using Geophysical Approaches. Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences, 13, 63-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaubas.2012.06.002

[8]   Jia, S.P., Zhao, Y.Q. and Zou, C.S. (2012) Numerical Solution to Identification Problems of Material Parameters in Geotechnical Engineering. Procedia Engineering, 28, 61-65.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2012.01.683

[9]   Papaioannou, I. and Straub, D. (2012) Reliability Updating in Geotechnical Engineering Including Spatial Variability of Soil. Computers and Geotechnics, 42, 44-51.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compgeo.2011.12.004

[10]   Ghorbani, M., Sharifzadeh, M., Yasrobi, S. and Daiyan, M. (2012) Geotechnical, Structural and Geodetic Measurements for Conventional Tunnelling Hazards in Urban Areas—The Case of Niayesh Road Tunnel Project. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 31, 1-8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tust.2012.02.009

[11]   Al-Mukhtar, M., Khattab, S. and Alcover, J.-F. (2012) Microstructure and Geotechnical Properties of Lime-Treated Expansive Clayey Soil. Engineering Geology, 139-140, 17-27.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2012.04.004

[12]   Ching, J.Y. and Phoon, K.-K. (2013) Quantile Value Method versus Design Value Method for Calibration of Reliability-Based Geotechnical Codes. Structural Safety, 44, 47-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.strusafe.2013.04.003

[13]   Ghayoomi, M., Dashti, S. and McCartney, J.S. (2013) Performance of a Transparent Flexible Shear Beam Container for Geotechnical Centrifuge Modeling of Dynamic Problems. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 53, 230-239.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2013.07.007

[14]   Juang, C.H. and Wang, L. (2013) Reliability-Based Robust Geotechnical Design of Spread Foundations Using Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm. Computers and Geotechnics, 48, 96-106.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compgeo.2012.10.003

[15]   Ma, L., Luo, H.B. and Chen, H.R. (2013) Safety Risk Analysis Based on a Geotechnical Instrumentation Data Warehouse in Metro Tunnel Project. Automation in Construction, 34, 75-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2012.10.009

[16]   Wu, X.Z. (2013) Trivariate Analysis of soil Ranking-Correlated Characteristics and Its Application to Probabilistic Stability Assessments in Geotechnical Engineering Problems. Soils and Foundations, 53, 540-556.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2012.10.009

[17]   Katzenbach, R., Leppla, S., Vogler, M., Seip, M. and Kurze, S. (2013) Soil-Structure-Interaction of Tunnels and Superstructures during Construction and Service Time. Procedia Engineering, 57, 35-44.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.04.007

[18]   Gaaver, K.E. (2012) Geotechnical Properties of Egyptian Collapsible Soils. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 51, 205-210.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2012.05.002

[19]   Abela, J.M., Potts, D.M., Vollum, R.L. and Izzuddin, B.A. (2013) Geotechnical Analysis of Blinding Struts in Cut-And-Cover Excavations. Computers and Geotechnics, 48, 179-191.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compgeo.2012.07.007

[20]   Heerten, G. (2012) Reduction of Climate-Damaging Gases in Geotechnical Engineering Practice Using Geosynthetics. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 30, 43-49.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geotexmem.2011.01.006

[21]   Raptakis, D.G. (2012) Pre-Loading Effect on Dynamic Soil Properties: Seismic Methods and Their Efficiency in Geotechnical Aspects. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 34, 69-77.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2011.09.003

 
 
Top