The main objective
of the present work is to evaluate the impact on the nearshore waves and coastal
processes of a generic wave farm. The target area considered is in the Romanian
nearshore, in the vicinity of the Mamaia sector, coastal environment usually subjected
to a strong erosion process. A picture of the wave conditions in this coastal environment
is first provided by analyzing some in situ data registered at the Gloria drilling unit, which operates offshore the area of
interest at about 50 meters water depth. A high resolution numerical modeling framework
was implemented in the target area. This is based on the SWAN spectral model (Simulating
Waves Nearshore) for waves and the 1D circulation model SURF (or the Navy Standard
Surf Model) to assess the nearshore currents. The presence of the farm in the
computational domain was represented by using the command obstacle, which is
available in SWAN, and considering various transmission and reflection
coefficients. Different wave farm configurations have been considered by adjusting
the transmission and the reflection coefficients associated with the wave farm,
between a no farm scenario and a fully developed project (corresponding to the
case of total absorption). The influence of the farm on the wave field was
quantified by performing analyses in the geographical space concerning the
variability of the significant wave height. The results look interesting and
they indicate that besides the production of the electric power, the presence
of the wave farms may have a positive influence on controlling the coastal
processes, reducing the erosion and giving in general more stability to the
coastal environment, especially during the extreme storm conditions.
 Diaconu, S. and Rusu, E. (2013) The Environmental Impact of a Wave Dragon Array Operating in the Black Sea. The Scientific World Journal, 2013, 1-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/498013
 Onea, F. and Rusu, E. (2014) Evaluation of the Wind Energy in the North-West of the Black Sea. International Journal of Green Energy, 11, 465-487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15435075.2013.773513
 Rusu, E. and Onea, F. (2013) Evaluation of the Wind and Wave Energy along the Caspian Sea. Energy, 50, 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2012.11.044
 Rusu, E. (2009) Wave Energy Assessments in the Black Sea. Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 14, 359-372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00773-009-0053-6
 Rusu, E. (2010) Modeling of Wave-Current Interactions at the Danube’s Mouths. Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 15, 143-159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00773-009-0078-x
 Ivan, A., Gasparotti, C. and Rusu, E. (2012) Influence of the Interactions between Waves and Currents on the Navigation at the Entrance of the Danube Delta. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 13, 1673-1682.
 Gasparotti, C. and Rusu, E. (2012) Methods for the Risk Assessment in Maritime Transportation in the Black Sea Basin. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 13, 1751-1760.
 Rusu, L. (2010) Application of Numerical Models to Evaluate Oil Spills Propagation in the Coastal Environment of the Black Sea. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management, 18, 288-295. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3846/jeelm.2010.33#.UzqoTqLr-t8
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 Rusu, E. and Macuta, S. (2009) Numerical Modelling of Longshore Currents in Marine Environment. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 8, 147-151. http://omicron.ch.tuiasi.ro/EEMJ/pdfs/vol8/no1/33_Rusu.pdf
 Rusu, E., Conley, D.C. and Coelho, E.F. (2008) A Hybrid Framework for Predicting Waves and Longshore Currents. Journal of Marine Systems, 69, 59-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2007.02.009
 Rusu, E. and Guedes Soares, C. (2010) Validation of Two Wave and Nearshore Current Models. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, 136, 27-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000023
 Rusu, E., Ventura Soares, C. and Rusu, L. (2006) Computational Strategies and Visualization Techniques for the Waves Modeling in the Portuguese Nearshore. Maritime Transportation and Exploitation of Ocean and Coastal Resources, 2, 1129-1136. http://www.taylorandfrancis.com/books/details/9780415390361/
 Rusu, E. (2011) Strategies in Using Numerical Wave Models in Ocean/Coastal Applications. Journal of Marine Science and Technology-Taiwan, 19, 58-73. http://jmst.ntou.edu.tw/marine/19-1/58-75.pdf
 Butunoiu, D. and Rusu, E. (2012) A Matlab Interface Associated with Modeling Surface Waves in the Nearshore. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 13, 1806-1817.
 Rusu, L. and Ivan, A. (2010) Modelling Wind Waves in the Romanian Coastal Environment. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 9, 547-552. http://omicron.ch.tuiasi.ro/EEMJ/pdfs/vol9/no4/18_2_Rusu_10.pdf
 Butunoiu, D. and Rusu, E. (2012) Sensitivity Tests with Two Coastal Models. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 13, 1332-1350.
 Rusu, L. and Butunoiu, D. (2014) Evaluation of the Wind Influence in Modeling the Black Sea Wave Conditions. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 13, 305-314.
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