ME  Vol.5 No.7 , June 2014
Are the Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights the Way for Development? A Precedence Investigation between Human Development Index and Index of Patent Rights
ABSTRACT

The main question, which leads this analysis, interrogates the existence of a causality relation between the human development index and Index of Patent Rights. It was decided to use a database whereas all units of the cross section have the same periods of time for human development index and Index of Patent Rights. This database covers 84 countries with the two indicators between 1975 and 2005. By the use of the Granger test, it was found that Index of Patent Rights does not temporally precede human development index, which indicates the veracity and, consequently, the corroboration of the idea of Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights should represent the interests of the richer countries’ great corporations, and not the underdeveloped nations, as said in the statement of World Trade Organization.


Cite this paper
Ganzert, C. , Selan, B. and Terra, L. (2014) Are the Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights the Way for Development? A Precedence Investigation between Human Development Index and Index of Patent Rights. Modern Economy, 5, 751-760. doi: 10.4236/me.2014.57069.
References
[1]   Ginarte, J.C. and Park, W.G. (1997) Determinants of Patent Rights: A Cross-National Study. Research Policy, 1, 283-301. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-7333(97)00022-X

[2]   Park, W.G. (2008) International Patent Protection: 1960-2005. Research Policy, 1, 761-766.

[3]   Anand, S. and Sen, A.K. (1994) Human Development Index: Methodology and Measurement. Occasional Papers. New York: Human Development Report Office, United Nations.
http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDI_methodology.pdf

[4]   Sagar, A.D. and Najam, A. (1998) The Human Development Index: A Critical Review. Ecological Economics, 1, 249-264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(97)00168-7

[5]   Siggel, E. (2005) Development Economics: A Policy Analysis Approach. Ashgate, New York.

[6]   Sen, A.K. (1989) Development as Capability Expansion. In: Fukuda-Parr, S. and Shiva Kumar, A.K., Eds., Reading in Human Development, Oxford University Press, Oxford and New Delhi.

[7]   Fukuda-parr, S. and Jahan, S. (2006) Haq Mahbub Ul (1934-1998). In: Clark, D., Org., The Elgar Companion to Development Studies, Edward Elgar, New York.

[8]   Haq, M. (1995) Reflections on Human Development. Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York.

[9]   Lai, E. (2008) Intellectual Property Protection in a Globalizing Era. Economic Letter—Insights from the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, 3.

[10]   Huntington, E. (2001) Civilization and Climate. Minerva Group, New York.

[11]   Hobsbawn, E.J. (1962) The Age of Revolution. Signet, New York.

[12]   Magnusson, L. (1995) Mercantilism: The Shaping of an Economic Language. Routledge, New York.

[13]   Cooper, C. (1973) Science, Technology and Development: The Political Economy of Technical Advance in Underdeveloped Countries. Routledge, New York.

[14]   De Carvalho, N.P. (2002) The TRIPS Regime of Patent Rights. Kluwer Law International, London.

[15]   Braga, C.A.P., Fink, C. and Sepulveda, C.P. (2000) Intellectual Property Rights and Economic Development. World Bank, New York.

[16]   Castells, M. (2000) The Rise of the Network Society: Economy, Society and Culture. Blackwell, New York.

[17]   Griffin, K.B. (2006) A Witness of Two Revolutions. In: Boyce, J.K., et al., Orgs., Human Development in the Era of Globalization: Essays in Honor of Keith B. Griffin, Edward Elgar, New York.

[18]   Moellendorf, D. (2005) The World Trade Organization and Egalitarian Justice. In: Barry, C. and Pogge, T.W.M., Eds., Global Institutions and Responsibilities: Achieving Global Justice, Blackwell, New York.

[19]   UNHCHR (2000) Sub-Commission on Human Rights Resolution 2000/7. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva.
http://www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/c462b62cf8a07b13c12569700046704e?Opendocu
ment


[20]   Cook, C. (2004) Patents, Profits & Power: How Intellectual Property Rules the Global Economy. Kogan Page, New York.

 
 
Top