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 JAMP  Vol.2 No.7 , June 2014
Lie Symmetries, One-Dimensional Optimal System and Optimal Reduction of (2 + 1)-Coupled nonlinear Schrödinger Equations
Abstract: For a class of (1 + 2)-dimensional nonlinear Schrodinger equations, the infinite dimensional Lie algebra of the classical symmetry group is found and the one-dimensional optimal system of an 8-dimensional subalgebra of the infinite Lie algebra is constructed. The reduced equations of the equations with respect to the optimal system are derived. Furthermore, the one-dimensional optimal systems of the Lie algebra admitted by the reduced equations are also constructed. Consequently, the classification of the twice optimal symmetry reductions of the equations with respect to the optimal systems is presented. The reductions show that the (1 + 2)-dimensional nonlinear Schrodinger equations can be reduced to a group of ordinary differential equations which is useful for solving the related problems of the equations.
Cite this paper: Li, A. and Temuer, C. (2014) Lie Symmetries, One-Dimensional Optimal System and Optimal Reduction of (2 + 1)-Coupled nonlinear Schrödinger Equations. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics, 2, 677-690. doi: 10.4236/jamp.2014.27075.
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