Schuldt Haard, U., Ohlen, J. and Gustavsson, P.J. (2008) Generic and Professional Outcomes of a General Nursing Education Program—A National Study of Higher Education. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship, 5, 1-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.2202/1548-923X.1611
 Ohlen, J., Furaker, C., Jakobsson, E., Bergh, I. and Hermansson, E. (2011) Impact of the Bologna Process in Bachelor Nursing Programmes: The Swedish Case. Nurse Education Today, 31, 122-128.
 Warne, T., Johansson, U.B., Papastavrou, E., Tichelaar, E., Tomietto, M., Van den Bossche, K., Moreno, M.F. and Saarikoski M.(2010) An Exploration of the Clinical Learning Experience of Nursing Students in Nine European Countries. Nurse Education Today, 30, 809-881. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2010.03.003
 Swedish Higher Education Authority (2007) Evaluation of Undergraduate Programmes in Medicine and Healthcare at Swedish Institutes of Higher Education (Swedish Title: Utvärdering av grundutbildningar i medicin och vård vid svenska universitet och högskolor) Stockholm, Sweden. http://www.hsv.se/download/18.5b73fe55111705b51fd80002810/0723R_del01.pdf
 Meretoja, R. and Koponen, L. (2012) A Systematic Model to Compare Nurses’ Optimal and Actual Competencies in the Clinical Setting. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68, 414-422.
 Grundy, L. (2001) Pathways to Fitness for Practice: National Vocational Qualifications as a Foundation of Competence in Nurse Education. Nurse Education Today, 21, 260-265.http://dx.doi.org/10.1054/nedt.2000.0555
 Bourbonnais, F.F., Langford, S. and Giannantonio, L. (2008) Development of a Clinical Evaluation Tool for Baccalaureate Nursing Students. Nurse Education in Practice, 8, 62-71.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2007.06.005
 Walsh, C.M. and Seldomridge, L.A. (2005) Clinical Grades: Upward Bound. The Journal of Nursing Education, 44, 162-168.
 Watson, R., Stimpson, A., Topping, A. and Porock, D. (2002) Clinical Competence Assessment in Nursing: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 39, 421-431. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2002.02307.x
 Yanhua, C. and Watson, R. (2011) A Review of Clinical Competence Assessment in Nursing. Nurse Education Today, 31, 832-836. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2011.05.003
 van der Vleuten, C.P. and Schuwirth, L.W. (2005) Assessing Professional Competence: From Methods to Programmes. Medical Education, 39, 309-317. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2929.2005.02094.x
 Baartman L.K., Prins F.J., Kirschner P.A. and van der Vleuten, C.P. (2011) Self-Evaluation of Assessment Programs: A Cross-Case Analysis. Evaluation and Program Planning, 34, 206-216. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2011.03.001
 Norman I.J., Watson R., Murrells T., Calman L. and Redferns S. (2002)The Validity and Reliability of Methods to Assess the Competence to Practice of Preregistration Nursing and Midwifery Students. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 39, 133-145. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7489(01)00028-1
 O’Connor, T., Fealy, G.M., Kelly, M., Mc Guiness, A.M. and Timmins F. (2009) An Evaluation of a Collaborative Approach to the Assessment of Competence among Nursing Students of three Universities in Ireland. Nurse Education Today, 29, 493-499. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2008.11.014
 Gulikers, J.T.M., Baartman, L.K.J. and Biemans, H.J.A. (2010) Facilitating Evaluations of Innovative, Competence-Based Assessments: Creating Understanding and Involving Multiple Stakeholders. Evaluation and Programme, 33, 120-127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2009.07.002
 Schoessler, M.T., Aneshansley, P., Baffaro, C., Castellano, T., Goins, L., Largaespada, E., Payne, R. and Stinson, D. (2008) The Performance Appraisal as a Developmental Tool. Journal for Nurses in Staff Development, 24, E12-E18.http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.NND.0000320654.87802.16
 Meretoja, R., Isoaho, H. and Leino-Kilpi, H. (2004) Nurse Competence Scale: Development and Psychometric Testing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 47, 124-133. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2004.03071.x
 Rushforth, H.E. (2007) Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE): Review of Literature and Implications for Nursing Education. Nurse Education Today, 27, 481-490. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2006.08.009
 McMullan, M., Endacott, R., Gray, M.A., Jasper, M., Miller, C.M., Scholes, J. and Webb, C. (2003) Portfolios and Assessment of Competence: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 41, 283-294.
 Gerrish, K. and Ferguson, A. (2000) Nursing Development Units: Factors Influencing Their Progress. British Journal of Nursing, 9, 626-630. http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2000.9.10.6273
 Meerabeau, E. (2001) Back to the Bedpans: The Debates over Preregistration Nursing Education in England. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 34, 427-435. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.01771.x
 Clark, T. and Holmes, S. (2007) Fit for Practice? An Exploration of the Development of Newly Qualified Nurses Using Focus Groups. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44, 1210-1220. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2006.05.010
 Girot, E.A. (2000) Assessment of Graduates and Diplomates in Practice in the UK—Are We Measuring the Same Level of Competence? Journal of Clinical Nursing, 9, 330-337. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.01771.x
 Daly, W.M. (2001) The Development of an Alternative Method in the Assessment of Critical Thinking as an Outcome of Nursing Education. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 36, 120-130. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.01949.x
 Stewart, S. and Dempsey, L.F. (2005) A Longitudinal Study of Baccalaureate Nursing Students’ Critical Thinking Dispositions. The Journal of Nursing Education, 44, 81-84.
 Ross, H. and Clifford, K. (2002) Research as a Catalyst for Change: The Transition from Student to Registered Nurse. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 11, 545-553. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2702.2002.00610.x
 Begley, C.M. and White, P. (2003) Irish Nursing Students’ Changing Self-Esteem and Fear of Negative Evaluation during Their Preregistration Programme. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 42, 390-401.http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2003.02631.x
 McKinley, R.K., Fraser, R.C. and Baker, R. (2001) Model for Directly Assessing and Improving Clinical Competence and Performance in Revalidation of Clinicians. British Medical Journal, 322, 712-715.http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.322.7288.712
 Fotheringham, D. (2010) Triangulation for the Assessment of Clinical Nursing Skills: A Review of Theory, Use and Methodology. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 47, 386-391. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.09.004
 Redfern, S.J., Norman, I.J., Calman, L., Watson, R. and Murrells, T. (2002) Assessing Competence to Practice in Nursing: A Review of the Literature. Research Papers in Education, 17, 51-77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02671520110058714
 Athlin, E., Larsson, M. and Söderhamn, O. (2012) A Model for a National Clinical Final Examination in the Swedish Bachelor Programme in Nursing. Journal of Nursing Management, 20, 90-101.
 Biggs, J. and Tang, C. (2011) Teaching for Quality Learning at University. 4rd Edition, Open University Press, Maidenhead.
 Miller, G. (1990) The Assessment of Clinical Skills/Competence/Performance. Academic Medicine, 65, 63-67. http://winbev.pbworks.com/f/Assessment.pdf
 Wass, V., Van der Vleuten, C., Shatzer, J. and Jones, R. (2001) Assessment of Clinical Competence. The Lancet, 357, 945-949. http://acmd615.pbworks.com/f/Wass.pdf
 Struyven, K., Dochy, F. and Janssen, S. (2005) Students’ Perceptions about Evaluation and Assessment in Higher Education: A Review. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 30, 325-341.
 Swedish Higher Education Authority, SFS (2006) The Higher Education Ordinance. Professional Qualifications. Bachelor of Science in Nursing. http://www.hsv.se/lawsandregulations/thehigheredu
 The Swedish Medical Research Council (2003) Helsinki Declaration 1964, World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. With Later Amendments. World Medical Association, Helsinki.
 Löfmark, A. and Thorell-Ekstrand, I. (2010) Strengthening and Updating Supervising Staff Nurses in Educational Workshops-An International Partnership Project. Nurse Education in Practice, 10, 262-267.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2009.11.016
 Johansson, U.B., Kaila, P., Ahlner-Elmqvist, M., Leksell, J., Isoaho, H. and Saarikoski, M. (2010) Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher Evaluation Scale: Psychometric Evaluation of the Swedish Version. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 66, 2085-2093.
 Löfmark, A., Thorkildsen, K., Råholm, M.B. and Natvig, G.K. (2012) Nursing Students’ Satisfaction with Supervision from Preceptors and Teachers during Clinical Practice. Nurse Education in Practice, 12, 164-169.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2011.12.005
 Andersson, P.L., Ahlner-Elmqvist, M., Johansson, U.B., Larsson, M. and Ziegert, K. (2012). Nursing Students’ Experiences of Assessment by the Swedish National Clinical Final Examination. Nurse Education Today, 33, 536-540.
 Wangensteen, S., Johansson, I.S., Bjorkstrom, M.E. and Nordstrom, G. (2011) Research Utilisation and Critical Thinking among Newly Graduated Nurses: Predictors for Research Use. A Quantitative Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20, 2436-2447.
 Raholm, M.B., Hedegaard, B.L., Lofmark, A. and Slettebo, A. (2010) Nursing Education in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, from Bachelor’s Degree to Ph.D. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 66, 2126-2137.
 Wong, F.K., Kember, D., Chung, L.Y. and Yan, L. (1995) Assessing the Level of Student Reflection from Reflective Journals. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 22, 48-57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.1995.22010048.x
 Jerlock, M., Falk, K. and Severinsson, E. (2003) Academic Nursing Education Guidelines: Tool for Bridging the Gap between Theory, Research and Practice. Nursing and Health Sciences 5, 219-228.http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1442-2018.2003.00156.x