The paper studied the imperatives of health psychologists in the control and management of HIV/ AIDS. HIV/AIDS is a relatively new disease, but has caused more deaths than any other disease in human history, and there is no known cure yet. Even though, HIV/AIDS is a death sentence, experts agreed that early detection, and early commencement of treatment may prolong the life of the patients, and that early detection may prevent or reduce the transmission of the virus. Early detection, commencement of treatment, and compliance with medical advice are the responsibilities of the health psychologist. This paper therefore, concludes that health psychologist is indispensable in effective control, and management of HIV/AIDS, and so recommends that awareness be created on the roles of health psychologists in this regard, through health education.
 Moore, J. (2004) The Puzzling Origins of AIDS. American Scientist, 92, 540-547.
 Sleinbrook, R. (2004) The AIDS Epidemic in 2004. New England Journal of Medicine, 351, 115-117. http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp048156
 Lamptey, P.R. (2002). Reducing Heterosexual Transmission of HIV in Poor Countries. British Medical Journal, 324, 207-211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.324.7331.207
 Lee, L.M., Karon, J.M., Selik, R., Neal, J.J. and Fleming, P.L. (2001) Survival after AIDS Diagnosis in Adolescents and Adults during the Treatment Era: United States 1984-1977. Journal of the American Medical Association, 285, 1308-1315. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.285.10.1308
 Egger, M., May, M., Chene, G., Phillips, A.N., Ledenberger, B., Dabis, F., et al. (2002) Prognosis of HIV-1-Infected Patients Starting Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy: A Collaborative Analysis of Prospective Studies. Lancet, 360, 119-129. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(02)09411-4
 Chou, F., Holzemer, W.L., Portillo, C.J. and Slaughter, R. (2004) Self-Care Strategies and Sources of Information for HIV/AIDS Symptom Management. Nursing Research, 53, 332-339.
 Ayenigbara, G.O. (2013) Malnutrition among Children in the Sahel Region: Causes, Consequences and Prevention. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences, 2, 116-121.
 Moskowitz, J.T. (2003) Positive Affect Predicts Lower Risk of AIDS Mortality. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 620-626. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.PSY.0000073873.74829.23
 Orleans, C.T., Ulmer, C.C. and Gruman, J.C. (2004) The Role of Behavioural Factors in Achieving National Health Outcomes. In: Frank, R.G., Baum, A. and Wllander, J.L., Eds., Handbook of Clinical Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, Washington DC, 465-499.
 Kelly, J.A. and Kaliehman, S.C. (2002) Behavioural Research in HIV/AIDS Primary and Secondary Prevention: Recent Advances and Future Directions. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 626-639. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.70.3.626
 Janssen, R.S., Onorato, I.M., Valdiserri, R.O., Durham, T.M., Nichols, W.P., Seilder, E., et al. (2003) Advancing HIV Prevention: New Strategies for a changing epidemic—United States, 2003. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 52, 329-332.
 Livneh, H. and Antonak, R.F. (2005) Psychosocial Adaptation to Chronic Illness and Disability: A Primer for Counselors. Journal of Counseling and Development, 83, 12-20.
 Murray, J.A. (2001) Loss as a Universal Concept: A Review of the Literature to Identify Common Aspects of Loss in Diverse Situations. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 6, 219-231.
 Rentz, C., Krikorian, R. and Keys, M. (2005) Grief and Mourning from the Perspective of the Person with a Dementing Illness: Beginning the Dialogue. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 50, 165-179. http://dx.doi.org/10.2190/XBH0-0XR1-H2KA-H0JT
 Mulder, C.L., Van Griensven, G.J.P., Sandforth, T.G.M., de Vroome, E.M.M. and Antoni, M.H. (1999) Avoidance as a Predictors of the Biological Course of HIV Infection over a 7-Year Period in Gay Men. Health Psychology, 18, 107-113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0278-6188.8.131.52
 Lutgendorf, S.K., Antoni, M.H., Ironson, G., Stars, K., Costello, N., Zuckerman, M., et al. (1988) Changes in Cognitive Coping Skills and Social Support during Cognitive Behavioural Stress Management Intervention and Distress Outcomes in symptomatic Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)—Seropositive Gay Men. Psychosomatic Medicine, 60, 204-214.
 Reilly, T. and Woo, G. (2004) Social Support and Maintenance of Safer Sex Practices among People Living with HIV/AIDS. Health and Social Work, 29, 97-105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hsw/29.2.97
 Moskowitz, J.T. and Wrubel, J. (2005) Coping with HIV as a Chronic Illness: A Longitudinal Analysis of Illness Appraisals. Psychology and Health, 20, 509-531.