AS  Vol.5 No.7 , June 2014
Systems Dynamics of Sheep Farms and Driving Herds of Faces to the Vagaries of Weather: Cases from the Region of El Bayadh
Abstract: The cattlemen of the steppe are faced with climate risks whose consequences are at the origin of one of the essential mechanisms of the degradation of resources natural fodder, thus making uncertain the food of livestock. Thus, faces to the changing socio-economic and climatic risks, the pastoral society has implemented different adaptive strategies to ensure the reproduction of its operating systems. The objective of this study is to analyze the patterns of the use of the space of the pastoral area called El-Bayadh in order to show how the actors adopt and adapt the techniques of production available in order to ensure the security of the production of their exploitation in an environment particularly fragile, hostile and vulnerable. It is therefore to take knowledge of the basic strategies implementation and the responses provided by the livestock producers to protect themselves against the consequences of a difficult climate in order to ensure the conduct of the food needs of their animals and the reproduction of their operating system.
Cite this paper: Brahim, M. , Latifa, M. and Fadila, M. (2014) Systems Dynamics of Sheep Farms and Driving Herds of Faces to the Vagaries of Weather: Cases from the Region of El Bayadh. Agricultural Sciences, 5, 583-587. doi: 10.4236/as.2014.57061.

[1]   Le Houerou, H.N. (2005) Environmental Problems of the Livestock Development in Dry Region. Research Article Drought, 16, 89-96.

[2]   Kanoun, M., Kanoun, A. and Ziki, B. (2006) The Products of Animal Husbandry Sheep Steppe. The Case of Djelfa Lambs. In: Olaizola, A., Boutonnet, J.P. and Bernués, A., Eds., Mediterranean Livestock Production: Uncertainties and Opportunities. CIHEAM/CITA/CITA, Zaragoza, 211-217.

[3]   Kanoun, M. (1996) Income Structure of Agro Pastors and Effect of Production Techniques on the Formation of Income Common Case of Deldoul and El Guedid, Wilaya of Djelfa. Thesis of Magister, INA, Algiers, 124 p.

[4]   Bourbouze, A. (2002) The Longtime of Development: Female Patients Transformation of the System of Farms in the Maghreb. In: Dufumier, M., Ed., An Agronomist in His Century, News of Rene Dumont, Khathala, Paris, 95-107.

[5]   Poivey, J.P. (1988) Simple Methods of Calculated Values of Genetic Female Taking Account of All the Relatives. 18, 321-332.