PSYCH  Vol.5 No.8 , June 2014
Psychosocial Factors Involved in Absenteeism—A Qualitative Analysis in a Brazilian Context
ABSTRACT

Work is a fundamental activity for human beings not only because it provides the benefit of a wage but also because it allows the subject to draw primitive anxieties that are evoked only in the frame of human-work relations. In Brazilian context, removed workers are often victims of prejudice beyond the organization space, triggering feelings of weakness and uselessness. The absence from work may also jeopardize both physical and mental health. Thus, this study aims to understand the psychosocial factors (social support, affect, coping skills and perception of future and health status) involved in absenteeism and the process of withdrawing work and its consequences on people’s lives. A qualitative approach was chosen for gathering and analyzing data. Four workers from different professional categories participated in this qualitative study. It was observed that stop working brought serious implications for the lives of investigated subjects, who reported feelings of estrangement, fear, emptiness, depression, helplessness and dependence. The most frequent difficulties in relation to absenteeism refer to the part of the tie break of social and financial issues. The main strategy for dealing with problems arising from job withdraws was to seek social support from friends and family. Regarding plans and the prospective, they experienced a critical period (immobilization), requiring a process of (re)adapting to the new situation ahead. Given the above, it is noteworthy to understand that the consequences of absenteeism or temporary withdrawing of labor become a necessary measure to preserve physical and mental health; a task open to interventions of work and organizational psychology.


Cite this paper
Paula, A. V. et al. (2014). Psychosocial Factors Involved in Absenteeism—A Qualitative Analysis in a Brazilian Context. Psychology, 5, 808-818. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/psych.2014.58092
References
[1]   Antunes, R. (1999). Os sentidos do trabalho. Ensaios sobre a afirmacao e a negacao do trabalho. Sao Paulo: Boitempo.

[2]   Araujo, R. R., & Sachuk, M. I. (2007). Os sentidos do trabalho e suas implicacoes na formacao dos indivíduos inserido nas organizacoes contemporaneas. Revista de Gestao USP (REGE), 14, 53-66.

[3]   Bardin, L. (1995). Analise de conteudo. Lisboa: Edicoes 70.

[4]   Bernal, A. O. (2010). Psicologia do Trabalho em um mundo globalizado: Como enfrentar o assedio psicologico e o estresse no trabalho. Porto Alegre: Artmed.

[5]   Costa, A. B., & Soares, D. H. P. (2009). Orientacao psicologica para a aposentadoria. Revista Psicologia: Organizacoes e Trabalho, 9, 97-108.

[6]   Cropley, M., & Steptoe, A. (2005). Social Support, Life Events and Physical Symptoms: A Prospective Study of Chronic and Recent Life Stress in Men and Women. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 10, 317-325.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354850500093365

[7]   Devins, G. M., Bezjak, A., Mah, K., Loblaw, A., & Gotoweic, A. (2006). Context Moderates Illness Induced Lifestyle Disruptions across Life Domains: A Test of the Illness Intrusiveness Theoretical Framework in Six Common Cancers. Psycho-Oncology, 15, 221-233.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pon.940

[8]   Dolbier, C., Smith, S., & Steinhardt, M. (2007). Relationship of Protective Factors to Stress and Symptoms of Illness. American Journal of Health Behavior, 31, 423-433.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.31.4.9

[9]   Enriquez, E. (1999). Perda do trabalho, perda da identidade. In: M. R. Nabuco, & A. Carvalho-Neto (Eds.), Relacoes de trabalho contemporaneas (pp. 69-83). Belo Horizonte: PUC Minas.

[10]   Franche, R.-L., Baril, R., Shaw, W., Nicholas, M., & Loisel, P. (2005). Workplace-Based Return-to-Work Interventions: Optimizing the Role of Stakeholders in Implementation and Research. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 15, 525-542.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10926-005-8032-1

[11]   Franche, R.-L., Cullen, K., Clarke, J., Irvin, E., Sinclair, S., & Frank, J. (2005). Workplace-Based Return-to-Work Interventions: A Systematic Review of the Quantitative Literature. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 15, 607-631.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10926-005-8038-8

[12]   Gerber, M., & Puhse, U. (2008). “Don’t Crack under Pressure!” Do Leisure Time Physical Activity and Self-Esteem Moderate the Relationship between School-Based Stress and Psychosomatic Complaints? Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 65, 363-369.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2008.06.012

[13]   Hepburn, C. G., Franche, R.-L., & Francis, L. (2010). Successful Return to Work: The Role of Fairness and Workplace-Based Strategies. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, 3, 7-24.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/17538351011031902

[14]   Jacques, M. G. C. (1997). Identidade e trabalho: Uma articulacao indispensavel. In: A. Tamayo, J. E. Borges-Andrade, & W. Codo (Eds.), Trabalho, organizacoes e cultura (pp. 21-26). Sao Paulo: Cooperativa de Autores Associados.

[15]   Lacaz, F. A. C. (2009). Qualidade de vida n(d)o trabalho: Um conceito político e polissemico. Trabalho, Educacao e Saude, 7, 565-572.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1981-77462009000300010

[16]   Lukacs, G. (1978). As bases ontologicas do pensamento e da atividade do homem. Sao Paulo: Livraria Editora Ciencias Humanas Ltda.

[17]   Lysaght, R., Fabrigar, L., Larmour-Trode, S., Stewart, J., & Friesen, M. (2012). Measuring Workplace Social Support for Workers with Disability. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 22, 376-386.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10926-012-9357-1

[18]   McNamara, T. K., Brown, M., Aumann, K., Pitt-Catsouphes, M., Galinsky, E., & Bond, J. T. (2013). Working in Retirement—A Brief Report. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 32, 120-132.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0733464811408085

[19]   Mendes-Silva, M. A. S., & Hashimoto, F. (2003). Afastados do trabalho: Repercussoes na vida do indivíduo. Pulsional Revista de Psicanalise, 16, 32-37.

[20]   Minayo, M. C. S. (2004). O desafio do conhecimento: Pesquisa qualitative em saude (8th ed.). Sao Paulo: Hucitec.

[21]   Morin, E. M. (2008). Sens du travail, sante mentale au travail et engagement organisationnel, Etudes et recherches (Rapport R-543-avec la collaboration de F. Aranha, FGV-EASP). Montreal, QC: IRSST.

[22]   Morin, E. M., Tonelli, M. J., & Pliopas, A. L. V. (2007). O trabalho e seus sentidos. Psicologia & Sociedade, 19, 47-56.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-71822007000400008

[23]   Olivier, E. M., Perez, C. S., & Behr, S. C. F. (2011). Trabalhadores afastados por transtornos mentais e de comportamento: O retorno aoambiente de trabalho e suas consequencias na vida laboral e pessoal de alguns bancarios. Revista de Administracao Contemporanea, 15, 993-1015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-65552011000600003

[24]   Pratt, M. G., & Ashforth, B. E. (2003). Fostering Meaningfulness in Working and at Work. In K. S. Cameron, J. E. Dutton, & R. E. Quinn (Eds.), Positive Organizational Scholarship: Foundations of a New Discipline (pp. 309-327). San Francisco, CA: Berret-Koehler.

[25]   Rodrigues, M., Ayabe, N. H., Lunardelli, M. C. F., & Caneo, L. C. (2005). A preparacao para a aposentadoria: O papel do psicologo frente a essa questao. Revista Brasileira de Orientacao Profissional, 6, 53-62.

[26]   Shaw, W., Hong, Q., Pransky, G., & Loisel, P. (2008). A Literature Review Describing the Role of Return-to-Work Coordinators in Trial Programs and Interventions Designed to Prevent Workplace Disability. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 18, 2-15.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10926-007-9115-y

[27]   Soderstrom, M., Dolbier, C., Leiferman, J., & Steinhardt, M. (2000). The Relationship of Hardiness, Coping Strategies, and Perceived Stress to Symptoms of Illness. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 23, 311-328.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005514310142

[28]   Thomas, J. J., & Borrayo, E. A. (2011). An Examination of Moderators of Perceived Stress and Illness Behavior. Psychology, 2, 590-597.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/psych.2011.26091

[29]   Tompa, E., Oliveira, C., Dolinschi, R., & Irvin, E. (2008). A Systematic Review of Disability Management Interventions with Economic Evaluations. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 18, 16-26.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10926-007-9116-x

[30]   Vilas Boas, A. A., & Morin, E. M. (2013a). Le Sens du Travail et la Qualite de Vie au Travail dans les Etablissements Publics D’enseignement Superieur: Une Comparaison entre le Bresil et le Canada. Proceedings of the Colloque International AFIRSE: Recherche en education: Continuite, rupture oulimites. Montreal: UQAM.

[31]   Vilas Boas, A. A., & Morin, E. M. (2013b). Quality of Working Life in Public Higher Education Institutions: The Perception of Brazilian and Canadian Professors. International Journal of Business and Social Science (IJBSS), 4, 67-77.

[32]   Vilas Boas, A. A., & Morin, E. M. (2014). Fatores de Qualidade de Vida no Trabalho em Universidades Publicas: Uma Comparacao entre Brasil e Canada. Proceedings of the 14th Congress of Stress of ISMA-BR (International Stress Management Association) and 16th Forum of Quality of Working Life. Porto Alegre.

[33]   Wrzesniewski, A., Dutton, J. E., & Debebe, G. (2003). Interpersonal Sensemaking and the Meaning of Work. Research in Organizational Behavior, 25, 93-135.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0191-3085(03)25003-6

 
 
Top