The present work studies the fruiting body production of S. melanosperma (Bull.) Gillet using pairing
test in nutrient agar media. Fourteen monokaryotic strains from single fruit
body were chosen for the pairing test. Ninety-one crossings were made and fruit
bodies were found in 20 crossings. Fully mature basidiocarps were produced in a
ring-like fashion in one or both colonies. The patterns of the fruit body
production in crossing single spore isolates are similar to those common in
heterothallic tetrapolar species. The conducted work shows that S. melanosperma can serve as a model
organism for the study of developmental processes in the basidiomycetes.
Cite this paper
Trostanetsky, A. (2014) Basidiocarp Production of Stropharia melanosperma
(Bull.) Gillet in Nutrient Agar Media. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology
, 585-587. doi: 10.4236/abb.2014.57068
 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2014) FAO Statistical Databases, FAOSTAT.http://faostat.fao.org/
 Kües, U. and Liu, Y. (2000) Fruiting Body Production in Basidiomycetes. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 54, 141-152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002530000396
 Natarajan, K., Narayanan, K. and Kumaresan, V. (2002) Basidiocarp Production in Agaricus heterocystis Heinem and Gooss in Nutrient Agar Media. Current Science, 82, 1084-1085.
 Srivilai, P. and Loutchanwoot, P. (2009) Coprinopsis cinerea as a Model Fungus to Evaluate Genes Underlying Sexual Development in Basidiomycetes. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 12, 821-835.http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2009.821.835
 Sykhomlyn, M.M. (2001) Sexual Breading of the Higher Basidiomycetes, (in Ukrainian). DonNU, Donezk, 173 p.
 Stamets, P. and Chilton, J.S. (1983) The Mushroom Cultivator. A Practical Guide to Growing Mushrooms at Home. Agaricon Press, Olympia, Washington DC, 415 p.
 Trostanetsky, A. (2003) Fruit-Body Production in Stropharia melanosperma (Bull.: Fr.) Gillet in Nutrient Agar Media. Proceedings of the 14th Congress of European Mycologists, Crimea, 22-27 September 2003, 111.
 Trostanetsky, A. (2005) Minicultivation of Medical Mushrooms. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, 7, 477.
 Casselton, L.A. and Olesnicky, N.S. (1998) Molecular Genetics of Mating Recognition in Basidiomycete Fungi. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, 62, 55-70.
 Kües, U., James, T.Y. and Heitman, J. (2011) Mating Type in Basidiomycetes: Unipolar, Bipolar and Tetrapolar Patterns of Sexuality. In: Esser, K., Ed., The Mycota: Evolution of Fungi and Fungal-Like Organisms, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heilderberg, 97-160.
 Labarere, J. and Noël, T. (1992) Mating Type Switching in the Tetrapolar Basidiomycete Agrocybe aegerita. Genetics, 131, 307-319.