OJSS  Vol.4 No.5 , May 2014
Gender Consideration in Sustainable Land Management Project Activities on the Highlands of Kilimanjaro Region: Lessons and Future Outlook
Abstract: The paper contributes on understanding gender considerations into Sustainable Land Management (SLM) project activities on the Highlands of Kilimanjaro Region. Specifically, it documents gender profile and assesses the project activities along with gender considerations, where critical issues, risks and opportunities in relation to gender mainstreaming in SLM project activities are highlighted. It evaluates also the capacity for mainstreaming gender issues into the institutions involved in project implementation. The study employed structured interview and consultative meetings methods with key actors identified. A total of 500 respondents were interviewed in the project catchment areas in the region. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS). The paper winds up by consolidating key strategic areas for intervention as future outlook and lessons which manifests benchmarks for the Kilimanjaro region to adopt a more programmatic approach to sustainable land management and elsewhere of the same in other cities with the same context in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Cite this paper: Magigi, W. and Sathiel, A. (2014) Gender Consideration in Sustainable Land Management Project Activities on the Highlands of Kilimanjaro Region: Lessons and Future Outlook. Open Journal of Soil Science, 4, 185-205. doi: 10.4236/ojss.2014.45022.

[1]   Mbilinyi, B.P., Tumbo, S.D., Mahoo, H.F. and Mkiramwinyi, F.O. (2007) GIS-Based Decision Support System for Identifying Potential Sites for Rainwater Harvesting. Elsevier Journal of Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 32, 1074-1081.

[2]   Moser, C.O.N. (1993) Gender Planning and Development: Theory, Practice, and Training. Routledge, London.

[3]   United Nations (2005) Declaration and Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women. UN Division for Public Information UN, New York.

[4]   Overholt, C., Anderson, M.B., Cloud, K. and Austin, J.E. (1985) Gender Roles in Development Projects: A Case Book. Connecticut, Kumarian Press.

[5]   Feldstein, H. and Jiggins, J. (1994) Tools for the Field: Methodologies Handbook for Gender Analysis in Agriculture. Kumarian Press, West Hartford.

[6]   Narayan, D. (1996) Toward Participatory Research. World Bank Technical Paper No. 307. World Bank, Washington DC.

[7]   World Bank (1996) Implementing the World Bank’s Gender Policies. Progress Report No.1. Washington D.C.

[8]   FAO (2007) Climate Change in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries: Perspective, Framework and Priorities. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome.

[9]   Kalipeni, E. (1992) Population Growth and Environmental Degredation in Malawi. Africa Insight, 22, 273-282.

[10]   Plane, D.A. and Rogerson, P.A. (1994) The Geographical Analysis of Populations with Applications to Planning and Business. Ch 2. John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York.

[11]   United Republic of Tanzania (URT) (2012) Population and Human Settlements Census Report, Government Printers, Dar Es Salaam.

[12]   Townsley, P. (1996) Rapid Rural Appraisal, Participatory Rural Appraisal and Aquaculture. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Fisheries Technical Paper 358. FAO, Rome. 109 pp.

[13]   Valentine, G. (1997) Tell Me About Using Interviews as a Research Methodology. In: Flowerdew, E. and Martin, D., Eds., Methods in Human Geography; A Guide for Students Doing a Research Project, Longman, London, 110-253.

[14]   United Republic of Tanzania (URT) (1999) Land Act, Government Printers, Dar Es Salaam.