M. Kim, D. Kotz and S. Kim, “Extracting a Mobility Model from Real User Traces,” Proceedings of the 25th Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies, Barcelona, 23-29 April 2006, pp. 1-13.
 A. Jardosh, E. M. Belding-Royer, K. C. Almeroth and S. Suri, “Real World Environment Models for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks Evaluation,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Special Issue on Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Vol. 23, No. 3, 2005, pp. 622-632.
 S. Gowrishankar, T. G. Basavaraju and S. Sarkar, “Effect of Random Mobility Models Pattern in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks,” International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, Vol. 7, No. 6, 2007, pp. 160-164.
 T. Camp, J. Boleng and V. Davies, “A Survey of Mobility Models for Ad Hoc Network Research,” Wireless Communication and Mobile Computing: Special Issue on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking: Research, Trends and Applications, Vol. 2, No. 5 , 2002, pp. 483-502.
 A. J. Pullin and C. Pattinson, “A Realistic Battlefield Model for the Evaluation of MANET,” Proceedings of 5th Annual Conference on Wireless on Demand Network Systems and Services, Garmisch Partenkirchen, 23-25 January 2008, Vol. 23, pp. 81-84. doi:10.1109/WONS.2008.4459359
 T. M. L. Flower, G. Prema, C. Aravindan, K. Kannan and R. Maheswaran, “A Realistic Mobility Pattern for Adaptive MANET Simulation Environment,” Proceedings of National Conference on Networks, Image & Security, Kumarakoil, 14-15 March 2008, pp. 70-75.
 D. Bhattacharjee, A. C. R. Shah, M. Shah and A. Helmy, “Empirical Modeling of Campus-Wide Pedestrian Mobility: Observations on the USC Campus,” Proceedings of IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, Los Angeles, 26-29 September 2004 Vol. 4, pp. 2887-2891.
 M. A. Rajan, M. G. Chandra, L. C. Reddy and P. S. Hiremath, “Topological and Energy Analysis of K-Connected MANETs: A Semi-Analytical Approach,” International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2008, pp. 199-207.
 P. Johansson, T. Larsson, N. Hedman, B. Mielczarek and M. Degermark, “Scenario Based Performance Analysis of Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks,” Proceedings of the 5th ACM Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, Seattle, 15-19 August 1999, pp. 195-206.