IJCM  Vol.5 No.10 , May 2014
A Cognitive Behavioural Intervention for the Treatment of Vasovagal and Unexplained Syncope
ABSTRACT

Vasovagal syncope and unexplained syncope are the most commonly observed types of syncope in outpatient and hospital settings. Medical interventions usually target at the physiological mechanisms responsible for loss of consciousness in an attempt to limit the frequency of recurrences. However, this type of intervention does not take into account the psychological and functional impact of syncope, nor the importance of psychological variables in triggering and maintaining syncope. In the present pilot study, four participants presenting significant psychological distress and recurrent syncope were treated using a multimodal intervention targeting at both the medical and psychological aspects of the problem. Results showed a significant reduction in the frequency of syncope/presyncope, in the level of emotional distress experienced, as well as improved functional status in three of the four participants. Several recommendations are made to medical practitioners and psychologists, in view of identifying patients likely to benefit from this type of intervention or components thereof.


Cite this paper
Bedard, F. , Marchand, A. , Kus, T. , Thibault, B. and D’Antono, B. (2014) A Cognitive Behavioural Intervention for the Treatment of Vasovagal and Unexplained Syncope. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 5, 584-598. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.510080.
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